Research lines

The group aims to develop a better understanding of social and health-related processes in areas that are considered to be a priority for today’s society. To this end, and in order to ensure methodological rigor and enable a multidisciplinary approach, the GEIMAC is organized along three research lines.

Violence and victimization

This line of research involves a rigorous examination of psychological violence, victimization and psychopathology. Our integrative approach to the study of psychological violence includes establishing a conceptual definition of the phenomenon, adapting and applying various measurement scales and carrying out assessments in different samples of victims. In the area of victimization and psychopathology the aims are to improve our understanding of these phenomena, to design strategies that can offer an effective response to polyvictimization, suicidal behaviour and self-harm, and to examine the relationship between personality styles and victimization. This line of research brings together ten researchers from the fields of social and clinical psychology, with extensive experience of diagnosis, intervention and investigation in relation to violence. The findings in this area will enable us not only to develop an explanatory model of why many victims of violence remain silent about their experience, but also to evaluate the psychological and psychosocial consequences of violence and the mechanisms used for dealing with it; this work will also contribute to the developing area of the psychosocial assessment of perpetrators and their differential characteristics.

 

Prevention and intervention

The emphasis here is on the application of psychological knowledge to various areas of the health and social sciences. The aims include improving the treatment and care available for groups that require specific interventions, and identifying and intervening in those areas of science in which gender inequalities are shown to be present. On the one hand, therefore, our work focuses on the evaluation of treatment programmes so as to enable rational decision-making in various fields of application, while on the other the goal is to understand the role of gender in different fields of health and to identify gender inequalities within science in order to help develop effective social policies for tackling them. This line of research brings together 11 researchers from the fields of methodology,clinical psychology, neuropsychology and psychiatry, working in collaboration with both public and private institutions. The advances made in this area will lead to the development of high-quality treatment methods and of protocols for avoiding gender bias in science, and they will also help to establish social and scientific policies in those areas where inequalities are detected.

 

Cognition and functioning

Our research on cognition and functioning covers both the area of cognitive and attentional dysfunction and the development of indicators of functioning in schizophrenia. In relation to the former, our work focuses on the analysis of cognitive and attentional alterations in various contexts including severe mental illness, vascular risk and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As regards the second area, the goal is to develop a comprehensive system for assessing functioning in schizophrenia, one based on the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). These tasks are carried out by a team of 14 researchers drawn from different areas of knowledge, namely methodology, neuropsychology, psychiatry and clinical psychology, and their work is complemented by external input from psychiatrists, clinical psychologists and neuropsychologists who provide practical knowledge and access to participants.The findings derived from this line of research will, on the one hand, enable the identification of cognitive alterations in different pathologies, the ultimate goal being to improve treatment for patients, and on the other, lead to the development of an internationally validated instrument for assessing functioning in people with schizophrenia. For further details regarding the process of developing and validating the first version of the ICF Core Set (ICF-CS) for schizophrenia, please click on the following link.

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