Modern political philosophy (5cr)
- 2019-09-27 - 2019-11-29
- Fridays: 15:00 - 18:00
- UPF, Edifici Ramón Turró, 13.001
The course examines the continuing relevance of some of the greatest or most influential figures in the history of modern political philosophy. To do so, it examines the answers their work suggests to various central questions that arise in reflecting on political life.
More specifically, we shall consider some of the main ideas of the following five historical authors: Thomas Hobbes; John Locke; Jean-Jacques Rousseau; Karl Marx; and John Stuart Mill. We shall also examine work related to these historical precursors by various contemporary Anglo-American philosophers. In previous years, authors we discussed included G. A. Cohen, Tom Dougherty, Ronald Dworkin, David Estlund, Niko Kolodny, Joseph Raz, Anna Stilz, Philippe Van Parijs & Robert van der Veen, and David Velleman.
The questions we shall address will include the following.
(1) Do we need a state, and, if so, why?
(2) Under which conditions, if any, do we have a moral duty to obey a government’s commands,
(3) Under which conditions, if any, do we have a moral right to overthrow an illegitimate government?
(4) Do individuals possess rights that the state has a moral duty to respect and protect?
(5) How, if at all, can freedom of speech be justified?
(6) What’s wrong with paternalism?
(7) What’s so good about democracy?
(8) Can private property be justified? If so, how should it be distributed? If not, why not?
(9) How do capitalism, socialism, and communism differ? Are there good reasons to favour one system over another?
The course will be taught via three hour long classes, involving an interactive lecture followed (from Week Two) by a seminar-style discussion, in which students ask focused questions (rather than make presentations) about some pre-assigned paper by a contemporary author.
All students should read in advance the weekly primary reading mentioned below and to come prepared to make a comment or pose a question about the historical text under consideration. They are also strongly recommended to read the contemporary text the seminar discussion will focus on.
EVALUATION IS VIA AN ESSAY OF 2000 WORDS
Availability: This course is available for credit only to students from the UPF M.A. in Political Philosophy and the UB A.Phil.
Time: The course is taught via ten three-hour classes, divided between a two hour interactive lecture on the primary reading and a concluding hour involving student-led discussion of relevant work in contemporary political philosophy.
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (ed. Richard Tuck)
John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (ed. Peter Laslett)
Jon Elster (ed.), Karl Marx: A Reader
John Stuart Mill, On Liberty and Other Essays (ed. John Gray)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, On the Social Contract (ed. Roger Masters)
Other versions of many of these texts are available at many internet sites.
Jonathan Bennett, a distinguished scholar well known for his work on early modern philosophy, has also produced less archaic versions of the texts by Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Mill, which are available at this site:
For useful reference works it will also be helpful to consult David Estlund, The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy, and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, which is available online at this site:
Week One: Hobbes on Conflict in the State of Nature
Primary Reading to be read before Class 1
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, Chapters 6, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, and “Review and Conclusion”