The Nature of Language
- thu 12:00-14:00
- Room 410 Facultat de Filosofia UB
Structure and Contents:
1. Language, systematicity and compositionality
2. Meaning and reference
3. Meaning and Intentions
4. Speech acts.
5. Different aspects of meaning
6. Knowledge of Language.
Students will read different basic texts on the different topics covered using a list of “reading questions” that will be provided by the teacher. We will discuss these questions and the corresponding texts in class; we will discuss as well additional related materials presented by the teacher.
Several short problem sets throughout the term; short final paper.
Austin, J.L., (1961) “Performative Utterances”
Chomsky, N., ‘Recent Contributions to the Theory of Innate Ideas’
Frege, G., ‘On Sense and Reference’ in Beany, Michael: The Frege Reader. Blackwell.
Grice, H. P. (1957) “Meaning” (in Grice, P. (1989))
Grice, P. (1989) Sttudies in the Way of Words, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA
Grice, P., "Logic and conversation" (in Grice, P. (1989))
Grice, P., "Further notes on Logic and Coversation" (in Grice, P. (1989))
Hom, Christopher, “Pejoratives”, ms.
Kripke, S. Naming and Necessity. Harvard University Press.
Donnellan, K., ‘Proper Names and Identifying Descriptions’ Synthese, 1970.
Laurence, S. & Margolis, E., ‘The Poverty of the Stimulus Argument’
Lewis, D. “Languages and language” (1968),(in D. Lewis (1983) “Philosophical Papers” vol I, Oxford University Press)
Niyogi, Partha, http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/507
Pagin, Peter, “Communication and the Complexity of Semantics” (in The Oxford Handbook of Compositionality)
Pinker, S., The Language Instinct (esp. to the end of Chapter 2)
Potts, Christopher, “The expressive dimension”. Theoretical Linguistics
Putnam, H., ‘Meaning and Reference’ in Schwartz, S.P.: Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds. Cornell University Press.
Putnam, H., ‘The ‘Innateness Hypothesis’ and Explanatory Models in Linguistics’
Recanatti, F. “Compositionality, Flexibility and Context Dependence” (in The Oxford Handbook of Compositionality)
Searle, John (1975) "A Taxonomy of Illocutionary Acts"
Searle, John “Literal Meaning” Erkenntnis 13, 207-224, also in Searle's Expression and Meaning(1979)
Stalnaker, R., "Pragmatic Pressupositions" (1974) (in Stalnaker (1999) Context and Content, Oxford University Press)
Stalnaker, R. “Common Ground” (2002). Linguistics and Philosophy 25, 701-721
Szabo, Zoltan G. “Compositionality as supervinience”. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 475–505, 2000.
Tenenbaum, Joshua, http://mitworld.mit.edu/video/512
Travis, C. "Pragmatics" (from the Companion to the Philosophy of Language, edited by B. Hale and C. Wright, pp. 87-107. Oxford: Blackwell)