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BEB: Invertebrates
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Xavier Turon
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Xavier Turon

Dpt. Marine Ecology

Acc. Cala St. Francesc 14
17300 Blanes (Girona)

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  Publications imatge de maquetació


•  Maldonado M, Turon X, Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Eds (2012) Ancient animals, new challenges: developments in sponge research. Developments in Hydrobiology, vol 219. Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-4687-9

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Maldonado M, Turon X, Eds (2012) Advances in sponge science: phylogeny, systematics, ecology. Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 61. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-387787-1

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Maldonado M, Turon X, Eds (2012) Advances in sponge science: physiology, chemical and microbial diversity, biotechnology. Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 62. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-394283-8




•  Antich, A, Palacín, C, Wangensteen, OS, Turon, X. 2021. To denoise or to cluster, that is not the question: optimizing pipelines for COI metabarcoding and metaphylogeograph BMC Bioinformatics 22: 177


•  Rius M, Turon X. 2020. Phylogeography and the description of geographic patterns in invasion genomics. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8: 595711. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2020.595711

•  Antich A, Palacin C, Cebrian E, Golo R, Wangensteen OS, Turon X. 2020. Marine biomonitoring with eDNA: Can metabarcoding of water samples cut it as a tool for surveying benthic communities? Molecular Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/mec.15641

•  Pérez-Portela R, Riesgo A, Wangensteen OS, Palacin C, Turon X. 2020. Enjoying the warming Mediterranean: Transcriptomic responses to temperature changes of a thermophilous keystone species in benthic communities. Molecular Ecology. 29:3299-3315. DOI: 0.1111/MEC.15564

•  Sacristán-Soriano O, Turon X, Hill M. 2020. Microbiome structure of ecologically important bioeroding sponges (family Clionaidae): the role of host phylogeny and environmental plasticity. Coral Reefs. 39: 1285–1298. DOI: 10.1007/s00338-020-01962-2

•  Turon X, Casso M, Pascual M, Viard F. 2020. Looks can be deceiving: Didemnum pseudovexillum np. Nov. (Ascidiacea) in European harbours. Marine Biodiversity 50:48. DOI: 10.1007/s12526-020-01083-7

•  Zhang Z, Capinha C, Karger DN, Turon X, MacIsaac HJ, Zhan A. 2020. Impacts of climate change on geographical distributions of invasive species. Marine Environmental Research 159: 104993. DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.104993

•  Casso M, Turon M, Marco N, Pascual M, Turon X. 2020. The microbiome of the worldwide invasive ascidian Didemnum vexillum. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:201. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00201

•  Atienza S, Guardiola M, Praebel K, Antich A, Turon X, Wangensteen OS. 2020. DNA metabarcoding of deep-sea sediment communities using COI: community assessment, spatio-temporal patterns and comparison with 18S rDNA. Diversity 12(4):123. DOI: 10.3390/d12040123

•  Turon X, Antich A, Palacín C, Praebel K, Wangensteen OS. 2020. From metabarcoding to metaphylogeography: separating the wheat from the chaff. Ecological Applications 30(2): e02036. DOI: 10.1002/eap.2036

•  Carreras C, García-Cisneros A, Wangensteen OS, Ordóñez V, Palacín C, Pascual M, Turon X. 2020. East is East and West is West: Population genomics and hierarchical analyses reveal genetic structure and adaptation footprints in the keystone species Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Diversity and Distributions 26:382-398. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.13016


•  Turon X, Wangensteen OS, Palacín C, Cebrian E. 2019. Caracterización genética de la biodiversidad y sus alteraciones en comunidades bentónicas marinas de los Parques Nacionales. In: Proyectos de Investigación en Parques Nacionales: 2013-2017. Amengual P (ed.). Publicaciones del Organismo Autónomo Parques Nacionales. ISBN: 978-84-8014-924-2. pp. 349-368

•  Casso M, Tagliapietra D, Turon X, Pascual M. 2019. High fusibility and chimera prevalence in an invasive colonial ascidian. Scientific Reports 9:15673. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-51950-y

•  Casso M, Turon X, Pascual M. 2019. Single zooids, multiple loci: independent colonisations revealed by population genomics of a global invader. Biological Invasions 21:3575-3592

•  Viard F, Roby C, Turon X, Bouchemousse S, Bishop J. 2019. Cryptic diversity and database errors challenge non-indigenous species surveys: an illustration with Botrylloides spp. In the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:615. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00615

•  Pérez-Portela R, Wangensteen OS, García-Cisneros A, Valero-Jiménez C, Palacín C, Turon X. 2019. Spatio-temporal patterns of genetic variation in Arbacia lixula, a thermophilous sea urchin in expansion in the Mediterranean. Heredity 122:244-259


•  Davis AR, Becerro M, Turon X. 2018. Living on the edge: Early life history phases as determinants of distribution in Pyura praeputialis (Heller, 1878), a rocky shore ecosystem engineer. Marine Environmental Research 142:40-47

•  Casso M, Navarro M, Ordóñez V, Fernández-Tejedor M, Pascual M, Turon X. 2018. Seasonal patterns of settlement and growth of introduced and native ascidians in bivalve cultures in the Ebro Delta (NE Iberian Peninsula). Regional Studies in Marine Science 23:12-22

•  De Caralt S, Gonzalez J, Turon X, Uriz MJ. 2018. Reproductive strategies of two common sympatric Mediterranean sponges: Dysidea avara (Dictyoceratida) and Phorbas tenacior (Poecilosclerida). PeerJ 6:e5458. DOI 10.7717/peerj.5458

•  Turon X, Holan JR, Davis AR. 2018. Defence behind the ramparts: Spicule armament against specialist predators in a subtidal habitat-forming ascidian. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 507:31-38

•  Wangensteen OS, Palacin C, Guardiola M, Turon X. 2018. DNA metabarcoding of littoral hard-bottom communities: high diversity and database gaps revealed by two molecular markers. Peer J 6:e4705. DOI 10.7717/peerj.4705

•  Delsuc F, Philippe H, Tsagkogeorga G, Simion P, Tilak MK, Turon X, López-Legentil S, Piette J, Lemaire P, Douzery EJP. 2018. A phylogenomic framework and timescale for comparative studies of tunicates. BMC Biology 16:39. 14 pp. DOI 10.1186/s12915-018-0499-2

•  Wangensteen OS, Cebrian E, Palacín C, Turon X. 2018. Under the canopy: community-wide effects of invasive algae in Marine Protected Areas revealed by metabarcoding. Marine Pollution Bulletin 127:54-66


•  Boero F, Foglini F, Fraschetti S, Goriup P, Macpherson E, Planes S, Soukissian T, The CoCoNet Consortium. 2017. CoCoNet: towards coast to coast networks of marine protected areas (from the shore to the high and deep sea), coupled with sea-wind energy potential. Scientific Research and Information Technology, 6, Supplement 2016, 1-95

•  Zenetos A, Çinar ME, Crocetta F, Golani D, Rosso A, Servello G, Shenkar N, Turon X, Verlaque M. 2017. Uncertainties and validation of alien species catalogues: the Mediterranean as an example. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 191:171-187

•  Wangensteen OS, Turon X. 2017. Metabarcoding techniques for assessing biodiversity of marine animal forests. In: Marine animal forests. The ecology of benthic biodiversity hotspots Vol. 1 (Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas C, eds.). Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp.445-503. ISBN: 978-3-319-21011-7, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-21012-4_53

•  Wangensteen OS, Turon X. Palacín C. 2017. Reproductive strategies in marine invertebrates and the structuring of marine animal forests. In: Marine animal forests. The ecology of benthic biodiversity hotspots Vol. 2 (Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas Saco del Valle C, eds.). Springer International Publishing. Switzerland. pp.571-594. ISBN: 978-3-319-21011-7, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-21012-4_52


•  Guardiola M, Wangensteen OS, Taberlet P, Coissac E, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2016. Spatio-temporal monitoring of deep-sea communities using metabarcoding of sediment DNA and RNA. PeerJ 4:e2807. DOI 10.7717/peerj.2807

•  Leese F et al (99 authors). 2016. DNAqua-Net: developing new genetic tools for bioassessment and monitoring of aquatic ecosystems in Europe. Research Ideas and Outcomes 2:e11321

•  Pineda MC, Lorente B, López-Legentil S, Palacín C, Turon X. 2016. Stochasticity in space, persistence in time: genetic heterogeneity in harbour populations of the introduced ascidian Styela plicata. PeerJ 4:e2158

•  Pineda MC, Turon X, Pérez-Portela R, López-Legentil S. 2016. Stable populations in unstable habitats: temporal genetic structure of the introduced ascidian Styela plicata in North Carolina. Marine Biology 163:59 (14 pp)

•  Pérez-Portela R, Turon X, Riesgo A. 2016. Characterization of the transcriptome and gene expression of four different tissues in the ecologically relevant sea urchin Arbacia lixula using RNA-seq. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 794-808

•  Ordóñez V, Pascual M, Fernández-Tejedor M, Turon X. 2016. When invasion biology meets taxonomy: Clavelina oblonga (Ascidiacea) is an old invader in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions 18:1203-1215

•  Turon X, Cañete JI, Sellanes J, Rocha EM, López-Legentil S. 2016. Ascidian fauna (Tunicata,Ascidiacea) of subantarctic and temperate regions of Chile. Zootaxa 4093(2):151-180

•  Turon X, Cañete JI, Sellanes J, Rocha EM, López-Legentil S. 2016. Too cold for invasions? Contrasting patterns of native and introduced ascidians in subantarctic and temperate Chile. Management of Biological Invasions 7:77-86

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X, Erwin PM. 2016. Feeding cessation alters host morphology and bacterial communities in the ascidian Pseudodistoma crucigaster. Frontiers in Zoology 13:2. doi 10.1186/s12983-016-0134-4


•  Guardiola M, Uriz MJ, Taberlet P, Coissac E, Wangensteen OS, Turon X. 2015. Deep-sea, deep-sequencing: metabarcoding extracellular DNA from sediments of marine canyons. PLoS One 10(10): e0139633. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139633

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X, Espluga R, Erwin PM. 2015. Temporal stability of bacterial symbionts in a temperate ascidian. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:1022 (11pp) doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.01022

•  Airoldi L, Turon X, Perkol-Finkel S, Rius M. 2015. Corridors for aliens but not for natives: effects of marine urban sprawl at a regional scale. Diversity and Distributions 21:755-768

•  Ordóñez V, Pascual M, Fernández-Tejedor M, Pineda MC, Tagliapietra D, Turon X. 2015. Ongoing expansion of the worldwide invader Didemnum vexillum (Ascidiacea) in the Mediterranean Sea: high plasticity of its biological cycle promotes establishment in warm waters. Biological Invasions 17:2075-2085

•  López-Legentil S, Legentil ML, Erwin PM, Turon X. 2015. Harbor networks as introduction gateways: contrasting patterns of native and introduced ascidians. Biological Invasions 17: 1623-1638

•  Rius M, Turon X, Bernardi G, Volckaert FAM, Viard F. 2015. Marine invasion genetics: from spatio-temporal patterns to evolutionary outcomes. Biological Invasions 17: 869-885


•  Griggio F, Voskoboynik A, Iannelli F, Justy F, Tilak MK, Turon X, Pesole G, Douzery EJP, Mastrototaro F, Gissi C. 2014. Ascidian mitogenomics: comparison of evolutionary rates in closely related taxa provides evidence of ongoing speciation events. Genome Biology and Evolution 6: 591-605

•  Nishikawa T, Oohara I, Saitoh K, Shigenobu Y, Hasegawa N, Kanamori M, Baba K, Turon X, Bishop JDD. 2014. Molecular and morphological discrimination between an invasive ascidian, Ascidiella aspersa, and its congener A. scabra (Urochordata: Ascidiacea). Zoological Science 31: 180-185

•  Mecho A, Aguzzi J, Company JB, Canals M, Lastras G, Turon X. 2014. First in situ observations of the deep-sea carnivorous ascidian Dicopia antirrhinum Monniot C., 1972 in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research I 83:51-56

•  Rius M, Clusella-Trullas S, McQuaid CD, Navarro RA, Griffiths CL, Matthee CA, von der Heyden S, Turon X. 2014. Range expansions across ecoregions: interactions of climate change, physiology and genetic diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23:76-88

•  Erwin PM, Pineda MC, Webster N, Turon X, López-Legentil S. 2014. Down under the tunic: bacterial biodiversity hotspots and widespread ammonia-oxidizing archaea in coral reef ascidians. The ISME Journal 8: 575-588


•  Pita L, Erwin PM, Turon X, López-Legentil S. 2013. Till death do us part: stable sponge-bacteria associations under thermal and food shortage stresses. PLoS One 8(11):e80307 (7 pp). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.008030

•  Wangensteen OW, Turon X, Casso M, Palacin C. 2013. The reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Arbacia lixula in northwestern Mediterranean: potential influence of temperature and photoperiod. Marine Biology 160:3157-3168

•  Pérez-Portela R, Arranz V, Rius M, Turon X. 2013. Cryptic speciation or global spread? The case of a cosmopolitan marine invertebrate with limited dispersal capabilities. Scientific Reports 3: 3197 (10 pp). DOI 10.1038/srep03197

•  Wangensteen OW, Dupont S, Casties I, Turon X, Palacin C. 2013. Some like it hot: Temperature and pH modulate larval development and settlement of the sea urchin Arbacia lixula. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 449: 304-311

•  Pita L, Turon X, López-Legentil L, Erwin PM. 2013. Host rules: spatial variability of bacterial communities associated with marine sponges (Ircinia spp.) in the Western Mediterranean Sea. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 86:268-276

•  Turon X, Garriga A, Erwin PM. 2013. Lights and shadows: growth patterns in three sympatric and congeneric sponges (Ircinia spp) with contrasting abundances of photosymbionts. Marine Biology 160: 2743-2754

•  Ordóñez V, Rius M, McQuaid CD, Pineda MC, Pascual M, Turon X. 2013. Early biotic interactions among introduced and native species reveal cryptic predation and shifts in larval behaviour. Marine Ecology Progress Series 488: 65-79

•  Ballesteros E, Turon X, Uriz MJ, Garrabou J, Zabala M. 2013. Les coves submergides. In: Atles dels Ecosistemes Naturals dels Països Catalans (D. Bueno, Scientific Coordinator, ISBN 978-84-412-2255-7). Enciclopedia Catalana Ed. Barcelona Spain, pp. 98-99

•  Ordóñez V, Pascual M, Rius M, Turon X. 2013. Mixed but not admixed: a spatial analysis of genetic variation of an invasive ascidian on natural and artificial substrates. Marine Biology 160: 1645-1660

•  Erwin PM, Pineda MC, Webster N, Turon X, López-Legentil S. 2013. Small core communities and high variability in bacteria associated with the introduced ascidian Styela plicata. Symbiosis 59: 35-46

•  López-Legentil S, Erwin PM, Velasco M, Turon X. 2013. Growing or reproducing in a temperate sea: optimization of resource allocation in a colonial ascidian. Invertebrate Biology 132(1): 69-80

•  De Caralt S, Bry D, Bontemps N, Turon X, Uriz MJ, Banaigs B. 2013. Sources of secondary metabolite variation in Dysidea avara (Porifera: Demospongiae): the importance of having good neighbors. Marine Drugs 11: 489-503

•  Pineda MC, López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2013. Year-round reproduction in a seasonal sea: biological cycle of the introduced ascidian Styela plicata in the Western Mediterranean. Marine Biology 160: 221-230

•  Bishop JDD, Roby C, Yunnie ALE, Wood CA, Lévêque L, Turon X, Viard F. 2013. The Southern Hemisphere ascidian Asterocarpa humilis is unrecognized but widely established in NW France and Great Britain. Biological Invasions 15: 253-260

•  Pérez-Portela R, Almada V, Turon X. 2013. Cryptic speciation and genetic structure of widely distributed brittle stars (Ophiuroidea) in Europe. Zoologica Scripta 42(2): 151-169



•  Hirose E, Turon X, López-Legentil S, Erwin PM, Hirose M. 2012. First records of didemnid ascidians harbouring Prochloron from Caribbean Panama: Genetic relationships between Caribbean and Pacific photosymbionts and host ascidians. Systematics and Biodiversity 10(4): 435-445

•  Pineda MC, McQuaid CD, Turon X, López-Legentil S, Ordóñez V, Rius  M. 2012. Tough adults, frail babies: an analysis of stress sensitivity across early life-history stages of widely introduced marine invertebrates. PLoS One 7(10): e46672 (11 pp). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046672

•  Appeltans W, et al. (121 authors) 2012. The magnitude of global marine species diversity. Current Biology 22: 2189-2202

•  Erwin PM, Pita, L, López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2012. Stability of sponge-associated bacteria over large seasonal shifts in temperature and irradiance. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78(20): 7358-7368

•  Wangensteen OS, Turon X, Pérez-Portela R, Palacín C. 2012. Natural or naturalized? Phylogeography suggests that the abundant sea urchin Arbacia lixula is a recent colonizer of the Mediterranean. PLoS One 7(9): e45067 (16 pp). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045067

•  Uriz MJ, Agell G, Blanquer A, Turon X, Casamayor EO. 2012. Endosymbiotic calcifying bacteria: a new cue to the origin of calcification in Metazoa? Evolution 66(10): 2993-2999

•  Erwin PM, López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2012. Ultrastructure, molecular phylogenetics, and Chlorophyll a content of novel cyanobacterial symbionts in temperate sponges. Microbial Ecology 64(3): 771-783

•  Pineda MC, Turon X, López-Legentil S. 2012. Stress levels over time in the introduced ascidian Styela plicata: the effects of temperature and salinity variations on hsp70 gene expression. Cell Stress and Chaperones 17: 435-444

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2012. Sponge ecology in the molecular era. Advances in Marine Biology, 61: 345-410

•  Rius M, Turon X, Ordóñez V, Pascual M. 2012. Tracking invasion histories in the sea: facing complex scenarios using multilocus data. PLoS One 7(4): e35815 (13 pp). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035815

•  Pérez-Portela R, Turon X, Bishop JDD. 2012. Bottlenecks and loss of genetic diversity: spatio-temporal patterns of genetic structure in an ascidian recently introduced in Europe. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 451: 93-105

•  Maldonado M, Turon X, Becerro MA, Uriz MJ. 2012. Preface: Sponge research developments. Hydrobiologia 687: 1-2

•  Erwin PM, López-Legentil S, González-Pech R, Turon X. 2012. A specific mix of generalists: bacterial symbionts in Mediterranean Ircinia spp. FEMS Microbial Ecology 79: 619-637

•  Calderón I, Pita L, Brusciotti S, Palacín C, Turon X. 2012. Time and space: genetic structure of the cohorts of the common sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in Western Mediterranean. Marine Biology 159: 187-197



•  Wangensteen OW, Turon X, García-Cisneros A, Recasens M, Romero J, Palacín C. 2011. A wolf in sheep’s clothing: carnivory in dominant sea urchins in the Mediterranean. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 441: 117-128

•  Pineda MC, López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2011. The whereabouts of an ancient wanderer: global phylogeography of the solitary ascidian Styela plicata. PLoS One 6(9): e25495 (14 pp). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025495

• López-Legentil S, Song B. Bosch M, Pawlik JR, Turon X. 2011. Cyanobacterial diversity and a new Acaryochloris-like symbiont from Bahamian sea-squirts. PLoS One 6(8): e23938 (12 pp). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023938

• López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2011. Pumping water or producing larvae? Oscula occlusion during the reproductive period of the sponge Svenzea zeai. Zoological Studies, 50(3): 394

•  Sanchez-Camara J, Martin-Smith K, Booth DJ, Fritschi J, Turon X. 2011. Demographics and vulnerability of a unique Australian fish, the weedy seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 422: 253-264



•  Rius M, Branch GM, Griffiths CL, Turon X. 2010. Larval settlement behaviour in six gregarious ascidians in relation to adult distribution. Marine Ecology Progress Series 418: 151-163

•  Tsagkogeorga G, Turon X, Galtier N, Douzery EJP, Delsuc F. 2010. Accelerated evolutionary rate of housekeeping genes in Tunicates. Journal of Molecular Evolution 77: 153-167

•  Coll M, Piroddi C, Steenbeck J, Kaschner K, Ben Rais Lasram F, Aguzzi J, Ballesteros E, Niké Bianchi C, Corbera J, Dailianis T, Danovaro R, Estrada M, Froglia C, Galil BS, Gasol JM, Gertwagen R, Gil J, Guilhaumon F, Kesner-Reyes K, Kitsos MS, Koukouras A, Lampadariou N, Laxamana E, López-Fé de la Cuadra CM, Lotze HK, Martin D, Mouillot D, Oro D, Raicevich S, Rius-Barile J, Saiz-Salinas JI, San Vicente C, Somos S, Templado J, Turon X, Vafidis D, Villanueva R, Voultsiadou E. 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, patterns and threats. PLoS ONE 5, e11842 (36 pp)

•  Broad A, Knott N, Turon X, Davis AR. 2010. Effects of a shark repulsion device on rocky reef fishes: no shocking outcomes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408: 295-298

•  Calderón M, Turon X. 2010. Temporal genetic variability in the Mediterranean common sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 408: 149-159

•  Rius M, Turon X, Dias GM, Marshall DJ. 2010. Propagule size effects across multiple life-history stages in a marine invertebrate. Functional Ecology 24: 685-693

•  Pérez-Portela R, Goodwin CE, Picton BE, Turon X. 2010. Pycnoclavella stolonialis n.sp. (Tunicata: Ascidiacea), with phylogenetic and distributional remarks on the genus in Europe. Zootaxa 2407 51-66

•  Calderón I, Ventura CRR, Turon X, Lessios HA. 2010. Genetic divergence and assortative mating between colour morphs of the sea urchin Paracentrotus gaimardi. Molecular Ecology 19: 484-493



•  Tsagkogeorga G, Turon X, Hopcroft RR, Tilak MK, Feldstein T, Shenkar N, Loya Y, Huchon D, Douzery EJP, Delsuc F. 2009 An updated 18S rRNA phylogeny of tunicates based on mixture and secondary structure models. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: 187 (16 pp)

•  Calderón I, Palacín C, Turon X. 2009. Microsatellite markers reveal shallow genetic differentiation between cohorts of the common sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) in northwestern Mediterranen. Molecular Ecology 18: 3036-3049

•  Calderón I, Turon X, Pascual M. 2009. Isolation of nine nucler microsatellites in the common Mediterranean sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck). Molecular Ecology Resources 9(4): 1145-1147

•  Calderón I, Turon X, Lessios H. 2009. Characterization of the sperm molecule bindin in the sea urchin genus Paracentrotus. Journal of Molecular Evolution 68: 366-376

•  Rius M, Turon X, Marshall DJ. 2009. Non-lethal effects of an invasive species in the marine environment: the importance of early life-history stages. Oecologia, 159: 873-882

•  Pérez-Portela R, Bishop JJD, Davis AR, Turon X. 2009. Phylogeny of the families Pyuridae and Styelidae (Stolidobranchiata, Ascidiacea) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 560-570

•  Rius M, Pineda MC, Turon X. 2009. Population dynamics and life cycle of the introduced ascidian Microcosmus squamiger in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions 11(10): 2181-2194

•  Turon X, Martí R, Uriz MJ. 2009. Chemical bioactivity of sponges along an environmental gradient in a Mediterranean cave. Scientia Marina 73: 387-397

•  Macpherson E, Becerro MA, Coma R, Palacín C, Pascual M, Turon X, Uriz MJ. 2009. Biodiversidad genética de organismos marinos en el Parque Nacional de Cabrera: aplicaciones para la conservación. In: Proyectos de Investigación en Parques Nacionales: 2005-2008. Ramírez L, Asensio B (eds.). Publicaciones del Organismo Autónomo Parques Nacionales. ISBN: 978-84-8014-765-1. pp. 135-144



•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Mariani S. 2008. Ultrastructure and dispersal potential of sponge larvae: tufted vs evenly ciliated parenchymellae. Marine Ecology – An Evolutionary Perspective 29: 280-297

•  Rius M, Turon X, Pascual M. 2008. Isolation of microsatellite loci for the marine invader Microcosmus squamiger (Ascidiacea). Molecular Ecology Resources, 8: 1405-1407

•  Rius M, Pascual M, Turon X. 2008. Phylogeography of the widespread marine invader Microcosmus squamiger (Ascidiacea) reveals high genetic diversity of introduced populations and non-independent colonizations. Diversity and Distributions 14: 818-828

•  Pérez-Portela R, Turon X. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Clavelinidae and Pycnoclavellidae, Ascidiacea, inferred from mtDNA. Invertebrate Biology 127(1): 108-120

•  Calderón I, Giribet G, Turon X. 2008. Two markers and one history: phylogeography of the edible common sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in the Lusitanian region. Marine Biology 154: 137-151

•  Pérez-Portela R, Turon X. 2008. Cryptic divergence and strong population structure in Pycnoclavella communis (Ascidiacea) inferred from COI and microsatellite data. Zoology 111: 163-178



•  López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2007. Lack of genetic variation in mtDNA sequences over the amphiatlantic distribution range of the ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 405-408

•  Pérez-Portela R, Palacín C, Duran S, Turon X. 2007. Biological traits of three closely related species of Pycnoclavella (Ascidacea) in the Western Mediterranean . Marine Biology 152(2): 1031-1038

•  Cebrián E, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2007. Sponges as biomonitors of heavy metals in spatial and temporal surveys in Northwestern Mediterranean : multispecies comparison. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26(11): 2430-2439

•  Pérez-Portela R, Turon X. 2007. Prey preferentes of the Polyclad flatworm Prostheceraeus roseus among Mediterranean species of the ascidian genus Pycnoclavella. Hydrobiologia 592: 535-539

•  Calderón I, Ortega N, Duran S, Becerro MA, Pascual M, Turon X. 2007. Finding the relevant scale: clonality and genetic structure in a marine invertebrate ( Crambe crambe , Porifera) . Molecular Ecology 16: 1799-1810

•  Pérez-Portela R, Duran S, Palacín C, Turon X. 2007. The Genus Pycnoclavella (Ascidiacea) in the Atlanto-Mediterranean region: a combined molecular and morphological approach. Invertebrate Systematics 21: 187-206

•  Turon X, Rius M, Nishikawa T. 2007. Spread of Microcosmus squamiger (Ascidiacea: Pyuridae) in the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent waters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 342: 185-188

•  López-Legentil S, Bontemps-Subielos N, Turon X, Banaigs B. 2007. Secondary metabolite and inorganic contents in Cystodytes sp. (Ascidiacea): temporal patterns and association with reproduction and growth. Marine Biology 151: 293-299



•  Sánchez-Camara J, Booth DJ, Murdoch J, Watts D, Turon X. 2006. Abundance, habitat use and behaviour of the weedy seadragon Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) around Sydney , New South Wales , Australia . Marine and Freshwater Research 137: 737-745

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X, Planes S. 2006. Genetic structure of the star sea squirt, Botryllus schlosseri , introduced in S European harbours. Molecular Ecology 15: 3957-3967

•  López-Legentil S, Bontemps-Subielos N, Turon X, Banaigs B. 2006. Temporal variation in the production of four secondary metabolites in a colonial ascidian. Journal of Chemical Ecology 32(9): 2079-2084

•  Mariani S, Uriz MJ, Turon X, Alcoverro T. 2006. Dispersal strategies in sponge larvae: integrating the life history of larvae and the hydrological component. Oecologia 149: 174-184

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2006. Population genetics, phylogeography and speciation of Cystodytes (Ascidiacea) in the western Mediterranean Sea . Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88: 203-214

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X, Schupp P. 2006. Chemical and physical defenses against predators in Cystodytes (Ascidiacea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 332: 27-36

•  Tomàs F, Àlvarez-Cascos D, Turon X, Romero J. 2006. Differential element assimilation by sea urchins Paracentrotus lividus in seagrass beds: implications for trophic interactions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 306: 125-131

•  Pérez-Portela R, Duran S, Estoup A, Turon X. 2006. Polymorphic microsatellite loci isolated from the atlanto-mediterranean colonial ascidian Pycnoclavella sp. (Ascidiadea Tunicata). Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 518-520



•  López-Legentil S, Dieckmann R, Bontemps-Subielos N, Turon X, Banaigs B. 2005. Qualitative variation of alkaloids in color morphs of Cystodytes (Ascidiacea). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 33 : 1107-1119

•  Martí R, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2005. Spatial and temporal variation of natural toxicity in cnidarians, bryozoans and tunicates in Mediterranean caves. Scientia Marina 69: 485-492

•  Turon X, López-Legentil S, Banaigs B. 2005. Cell types, microsymbionts, and pyridoacridine distribution in the tunic of three color morphs of the genus Cystodytes (Ascidiacea, Polycitoridae). Invertebrate Biology 124: 355-369

•  López-Legentil S, Turon X. 2005. How do morphotypes and chemotypes relate to genotypes? The colonial ascidian Cystodytes (Ascidiacea: Polycitoridae). Zoologica Scripta 3 : 3-14

•  López-Legentil S, Ruchty M, Domènech A, Turon X. 2005. Life cycles and growth rates of two morphotypes of Cystodytes (Ascidiacea). Marine Ecology-Progress Series 296 : 219-228

•  Mariani S, Alcoverro T, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2005. Early life histories in the bryozoan Schizobrachiella sanguinea : a case study. Marine Biology147 : 735-745

•  Mariani S, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2005. The dynamics of sponge larval assemblages from northwestern Mediterranean near-shore bottoms. Journal of Plankton Research27 : 249-262

•  Martí R, Uriz MJ, Ballesteros E, Turon X. 2005. Seasonal variation in structure of three Mediterranean algal communities in various light conditions. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 64 : 613-622

•  Tomàs F, Romero J, Turon X. 2005. Experimental evidence that intra-specific competition in seagrass meadows reduces reproductive potential in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck). Scientia Marina 69: 475-484

•  Sanchez-Cámara J, Booth DJ, Turon X. 2005. Reproductive cycle and growth of Phyllopteryx taeniolatus . Journal of Fish Biology 67 : 133-148

•  Tomás F, Turon X, Romero J. 2005. Effects of herbivores on a seagrass ( Posidonia oceanica ) meadow: the importance of epiphytes. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 287 : 115-125

•  Tomás F, Turon X, Romero J. 2005. Seasonal and small-scale spatial variability of herbivory pressure on the temperate seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 301 : 95-107

•  Turon X. 2005. A new mode of colony multiplication by modified budding in ascidians: Clavelina gemmae n. sp. (Clavelinidae). Invertebrate Biology 124: 273-283



•  Agell G, Turon X, De Caralt S, López-Legentil S, Uriz MJ. 2004. Molecular and organism biomarkers of copper pollution in the ascidian Pseudodistoma crucigaster . Marine Pollution Bulletin 48 : 759-767

•  Duran S, Giribet G, Turon X. 2004. Phylogeographic history of the sponge Crambe crambe (Porifera, Poecilosclerida): range expansion and recent invasion of the Macaronesian islands from the Mediterranean Sea . Molecular Ecology 13 : 109-122

•  Duran S, Palacin C, Becerro MA, Turon X, Giribet G. 2004. Genetic diversity and population structure of the commercially harvested sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata, Echinoidea). Molecular Ecology 13: 3317-3328

•  Duran S, Pascual M, Turon X. 2004. Low levels of genetic variation in mtDNA sequences over the western Mediterranean and Atlantic range of the sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida). Marine Biology 144 : 31-35.

•  Duran S, Pascual M, Estoup A, Turon X. 2004. Strong population structure in the marine sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida) as revealed by microsatellite markers. Molecular Ecology 13 : 511-522

•  Martí R, Uriz MJ, Ballesteros E, Turon X. 2004. Benthic assemblages in two Mediterranean caves: species diversity and coverage as a function of abiotic parameters and geographic distance. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84 : 557-572

•  Martí R, Uriz MJ, Ballesteros E, Turon X. 2004. Temporal variation of several structure descriptors in animal-dominated benthic communities in two Mediterranean caves. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84 : 573-580

•  Martí R, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2004. Seasonal and spatial variation of species toxicity in Mediterranean seaweed communities: correlation to biotic and abiotic factors. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 282 : 73-85

•  Tarjuelo I, Posada D, Crandall K, Pascual M, Turon X. 2004. Phylogeography and speciation of colour morphs in the colonial ascidian Pseudodistoma crudigaster . Molecular Ecology 13 : 3125-3136

•  Tarjuelo I, Turon X. 2004. Resource allocation in ascidians: reproductive investment vs. other life-history traits. Invertebrate Biology 123 : 168-180

•  Tomás F, Romero J, Turon X. 2004. Settlement and recruitment of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in two contrasting habitats in the Mediterranean . Marine Ecology-Progress Series 282 : 173-184

•  Turon X, López-Legentil S. 2004. Ascidian molecular phylogeny inferred from mtDNA data with emphasis on the Aplousobranchiata. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33 : 309-320



•  Becerro MA, Thacker RW, Turon X, Uriz MJ, Paul VJ. 2003. Biogeography of sponge chemical ecology: comparisons of tropical and temperate defenses. Oecologia 135 : 91-101

•  Becerro MA, Turon X, Uriz MJ, Templado J. 2003. Can a sponge feeder be a herbivore? Tylodina perversa (Gastropoda) feeding on Aplysina aerophoba (Demospongiae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 78 : 429-438

•  Cebrian E, Martí R, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2003. Sublethal effects of contamination on the Mediterranean sponge Crambe crambe : metal acccumulation and biological responses. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46 : 1273-1284

•  Davis AR , Fyfe SK , Turon X, Uriz MJ. 2003. Size matters sometimes: wall height and the structure of subtidal benthic invertebrate assemblages in south-eastern Australia and the Mediterranean . Journal of Biogeography 30 : 1797-1807

•  Mariani S, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2003. Methodological bias in the estimations of important meroplanktonic components from near-shore bottoms. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 253 : 67-75

•  Turon X, Tarjuelo I, Duran S, Pascual M. 2003. Characterising invasion processes with genetic data: an Atlantic clade of Clavelina lepadiformis (Ascidiacea) introduced into Mediterranean harbours. Hydrobiologia 503 : 29-35

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA, Agell G. 2003. Siliceous spicules and skeleton frameworks in sponges: origin, diversity, ultrastructural patters, and biological functions. Microscopy Research and Technique 62 : 279-299

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA. 2003. Silica deposition in Demosponges. In: Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology, vol 33. WEG Müller (Ed.). Springer-Verlag , Berlin . Pp. 163-193



•  De Caralt S, López-Legentil S, Tarjuelo I, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2002. Contrasting biological traits of Clavelina lepadiformis (Ascidiacea) populations from inside and outside harbours in the western Mediterranean . Marine Ecology-Progress Series 244 : 125-137

•  Duran S, Pascual M, Estoup A, Turon X. 2002. Polymorphic microsatellite loci in the sponge Crambe crambe (Porifera: Poecilosclerida) and their variation in two distant populations. Molecular Ecology Notes 2 : 478-480

•  Tarjuelo I, López-Legentil S, Codina M, Turon X. 2002. Defence mechanisms of adults and larvae of colonial ascidians: patterns of palatability and toxicity. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 235 : 103-115



•  Tarjuelo I, Posada D, Crandall KA, Pascual M, Turon X. 2001. Cryptic species of Clavelina (Ascidiacea) in two different habitats: harbours and rocky litoral zones in the northwestern Mediterranean . Marine Biology 139 : 455-462

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA. 2001. Morphology and ultrastructure of the swimming larvae of Crambe crambe (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida). Invertebrate Biology 120: 295-307

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 2001. Sponge chemical ecology: considering cytology into the equation. In: Recent Research Developments in Ecology. Pandalai SG (Ed.). Transworld Research Network, Trivandrum . Pp: 81-96



•  Galera J, Turon X, Uriz MJ, Becerro MA. 2000. Microstructure variation in sponges sharing growth form: the encrusting demosponges Dysidea avara and Crambe crambe . Acta Zoologica- Stockholm 81 : 93-107

•  Mariani S, Uriz MJ,Turon X. 2000. Larval bloom of the oviparous sponge Cliona viridis : coupling of larval abundance and adult distribution. Marine Biology 137: 783-790

•  Turon X, Becerro MA, Uriz MJ. 2000. Distribution of brominated compounds within the sponge Aplysina aerophoba : coupling of X-ray microanalysis with cryofixation techniques. Cell and Tissue Research 301 : 311-322

•  Turon X, Codina M, Tarjuelo I, Uriz MJ, Becerro MA. 2000. Mass recruitment of Ophiothrix fragilis (Ophiuroidea) on sponges: settlement patterns and juvenile behaviour. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 200 : 201-212

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA. 2000. Silica deposition in Demosponges: spiculogenesis in Crambe crambe . Cell and Tissue Research 301 : 299-309



•  Turon X, Uriz MJ, Willenz Ph. 1999. Cuticular linings and remodelisation processes in Crambe crambe (Demospongiae: Poecilosclerida). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 44 : 617-625



•  López S, Turon X, Montero E, Palacín C, Duarte CM, Tarjuelo I. 1998. Larval abundance, recruitment and early mortality in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea). Interannual variability and plankton-benthos coupling. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 172 : 239-251

•  Palacín C, Giribet G, Carner S, Dantart L, Turon X. 1998. Low densities of sea urchins influence the structure of algal assemblages in the western Mediterranean . Journal of Sea Research 39 : 281-290

•  Palacín C, Turon X, Ballesteros M, Giribet G, López S. 1998. Stock evaluation of three littoral echinoid species on the Catalan coast (northwestern Mediterranean). Marine Ecology-PSZNI 19 : 163-177

•  Turon X, Tarjuelo I, Uriz MJ. 1998. Growth dynamics and mortality of the encrusting sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida) in contrasting habitats: correlation with population structure and investment in defence. Functional Ecology 12 : 631-639

•  Uriz MJ, Maldonado M, Turon X, Martí R. 1998. How do reproductive output, larval behaviour, and recruitment contribute to adult spatial patterns in Mediterranean encrusting sponges? Marine Ecology-Progress Series 167 : 137-148



•  Becerro MA, Turon X, Uriz MJ. 1997. Multiple functions for secondary metabolites in encrusting marine invertebrates. Journal of Chemical Ecology 24 : 1527-1547

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 1997. Chemically-mediated interactions in benthic organisms: the chemical ecology of Crambe crambe (Porifera, Poecilosclerida). Hydrobiologia 351 : 1-13

•  Palacín C, Giribet G, Turon X. 1997. Patch recolonization through migration by the echinoid Paracentrotus lividus in communities with high algal cover and low echinoid densities. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 38 : 267-271

•  Turon X, Galera J, Uriz JM. 1997. Clearance rates and aquiferous systems in two sponges with contrasting life-history strategies. Journal of Experimental Zoology 278 : 22-36

•  Soler A, Ballesteros M, Turon X. 1997. Poliquetos de l'Estany des Peix (Formentera, archipiélago balear). Aproximación al estudio faunístico y ecológico. Historia Animalium 3 : 9-23

•  Turon X. 1997. Ascidias. In : Animales de nuestras ciudades. Omedes A, Senar JC, Uribe F (Eds.). Editorial Planeta, Barcelona. Pp: 190-192

•  Goula M, Ballesteros M, Blas M, De Sostoa A, Ferrer X, Serra A, Turon X. 1997. Zoologia. Ensenyament de Biologia (Pràctiques de Laboratori). Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona.



•  Turon X, Becerro MA, Uriz MJ. 1996. Seasonal patterns of toxicity in benthic invertebrates: the encrusting sponge Crambe crambe (Poecilosclerida). Oikos 75: 33-40

•  Turon X, Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Llopis J. 1996. Small-scale association measures in epibenthic communities as a clue for allelochemical interactions. Oecologia 108: 351-360

•  Turon X, Vázquez E. 1996. A non-swimming ascidian larva: Protostyela longicauda (Styelidae). Invertebrate Biology 115: 331-342

•  Uriz MJ, Becerro MA, Turon X. 1996. Location of toxicity within the Mediterranean sponge Crambe crambe (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida). Marine Biology 124: 583-590

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA, Galera J. 1996. Feeding deterrence in sponges. The role of toxicity, physical defenses, energetic contents, and life-history stage. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 205 : 187-204

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Galera J, Tur JM. 1996. New light on the cell location of avarol within the sponge Dysidea avara (Dendroceratida). Cell and Tissue Research 285 : 519-527



•  Becerro MA, Turon X, Uriz MJ. 1995. Natural variation of toxicity in the encrusting sponge Crambe crambe (Schmidt) in relation to size and environment. Journal of Chemical Ecology 21: 1931-1946

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 1995. Measuring toxicity in marine environments: critical appraisal of three commonly used methods. Experientia 51 : 414-418

•  Lozano J, Galera J, Turon X, López S, Palacín C, Morera G. 1995. Biological cycles and recruitment of Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck)(Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 122: 179-191

•  Turon X, Giribet G, López S, Palacín C. 1995. Growth and population structure of Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in two contrasting habitats. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 122: 193-204

•  Uriz MJ, Turon X, Becerro MA, Galera J, Lozano J. 1995. Patterns of resource allocation to somatic, defensive, and reproductive functions in the encrusting sponge Crambe crambe (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida). Marine Ecology-Progress Series 124: 159-170 1995

•  Vázquez E, Ramos-Esplà AA, Turon X. 1995. The Genus Polycarpa Heller, 1877 (Ascidiacea, Styelidae) on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of the Iberian Peninsular. Journal of Zoology 237: 346-356

•  J imeno A, Turon X. 1995. Gammaridea and Caprellidea of the Northeast coast of Spain : ecological distribution on different types of substrata. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologie 42: 495-516

•  Turon X, Palacín C, Ballesteros M, Dantart L. 1995. A case study of stock evaluation on littoral hard substrata: Echinoid populations on the Northeast Coast of Spain. In: The biology and ecology of shallow coastal waters. Eleftheriou A, Smith C (Eds.). Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg. Pp: 333-340



•  Becerro M, López NI, Turon X, Uriz MJ. 1994. Antimicrobial activity and surface bacterial film in marine sponges. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 179 : 195-205

•  Becerro MA, Uriz MJ, Turon X. 1994. Trends in shape variation of encrusting sponges with size and environment: outline analysis of Crambe crambe (Porifera, Demospongiae). Marine Biology 121: 301-307



•  Nishikawa N, Turon X. 1993. Taxonomy and geographic variation of Pyura microcosmus (Savigny) from Lusitanian waters and the Red Sea . Zoological Science 10 : 1045-1056

•  Ramos-Esplà AA, Turon X, Vázquez E. 1993. Aplidium sagresensis n. np. (Ascidiacea, Polyclinidae) from the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula . Ophelia 38: 97-105

•  Ballesteros E, Zabala M, Uriz MJ, García A, Turon X. 1993. El bentos de l'arxipèlag de Cabrera: les comunitats. In: Història Natural de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera. Alcocer. JA, Ballesteros E,Fornos J (Eds.). Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears, Palma de Mallorca. Pp: 687-730

•  Turon X.1993. Els ascidis: faunística i distribució. In: Història Natural de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera. Alcover JA, Ballesteros E,Fornos J (Eds.). Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears, Palma de Mallorca. Pp: 650-659

•  Uriz MJ, Zabala M, García A, Turon X, Ballesteros E. 1993. El bentos de l'arxipèlag de Cabrera: les coves. In: Història Natural de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera. Alcover JA, Ballesteros E,Fornos J (Eds.). Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears, Palma de Mallorca. Pp: 731-748

•  Ballesteros M, Turon X, Gómez A, Ribera MA, Dantart L, Avila C, Palacin C. 1993. Comunidades bentónicas de sustrato duro de la Isla de Formentera (Baleares). Publ. Espec. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 11: 123-130



•  Turon X. 1992. Ultraestructura de los órganos larvarios de Clavelina lepadiformis (Müller, 1773) (Ascidiacea). Actas V Simposio Ibérico de Estudios del Bentos Marino 2: 397-410

•  Becerro MA, Turon X. 1992. Reproductive cycles of Microcosmus sabatieri Roule and Halocynthia papillosa Linnaeus (Pyuridae, Tunicata) on the North East coast of Spain . Marine Ecology-PSZNI 13: 363-373

•  Turon X. 1992. Periods of Non-feeding in Polysyncraton lacazei (Ascidiacea, Didemnidae): a rejuvenatory phenomenon?. Marine Biology 112 : 647-655

•  Turon X. 1992. Morfología del sistema caudal en las larvas de tres especies de ascidias (Tunicata). Historia Animalium 1 : 71-86

•  Turon X, Becerro MA. 1992. Growth and survival of several ascidian species from the North Western Mediterranean. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 82 : 235-247



•  Turon X. 1991. Morphology of the adhesive papillae of some ascidian larvae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 32 : 295-309

•  Turon X, Hernández-Mariné M, Catalán J. 1991. A new species of Komvophoron (Cyanophyta, Oscillatoriaceae) epibiont on ascidians from the Mediterranean Sea . Archiv für Hydrobiologie Suppl 92 (Alg Stud 64) : 249-259

•  Ramos AA, Turon X, Wahl M, Banaigs B, Lafargue F. 1991. The littoral ascidians of the Spanish Mediterranean II. Balearic Islands . Vie et Milieu 41 : 153-163 1991

•  Uriz MJ, Martin D, Turon X, Ballesteros E, Hughes R, Acebal C. 1991. An approach to the ecological meaning of allelopathy in Mediterranea benthic communities. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 70 : 175-188

•  Vitturi R, Colombera D, Catalano E, Turon X. 1991. Ag-NOR and C-banding analyses of spermatocyte chromosomes of the ascidian Clavelina lepadiformis (Ascidiacea: Aplousobranchiata). Caryologia 44 : 343-347



•  Hernández-Marine M, Turon X, Catalán J. 1990. A marine Synechocystis (Chroococcales, Cyanophyta) epizoic on didemnid ascidians from the Mediterranean Sea . Phycologia 29: 275-284

•  Perera M, Ballesteros M, Turon X. 1990. Estudio de los organismos epibiontes en un cultivo de bivalvos marinos en el Delta del Ebro. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 31 : 385-399

•  Turon X. 1990. Distribution and abundance of ascidians from a locality on the Northeast coast of Spain . Marine Ecology-PSZNI 11: 291-308

•  Turon X. 1990. Morfología de los órganos ectodérmicos ampulares en las larvas de dos especies de ascidias (Tunicata). Anales de Biología 16 : 13-20

•  Turon X. 1990. Estructura de los filtros branquiales de ascidias (Tunicados). Miscel.lània Zoològica 14 : 125-133



•  Turon X. 1989. Loxocalyx leptoclini (Entoprocta) epibionte ascidias en el litoral NE español. Miscel.lània Zoològica 13 : 194-197

•  Turon X, Hernández-Mariné M. 1989. Presencia de Prochloron sp. (Prochlorophyta) en las islas Baleares. Collectanea Botanica 17 : 305-307



•  Turon X. 1988. Ascidias de los caladeros de arrastre de las costas catalanas (NE España). Investigacion Pesquera 52: 467-481

•  Turon X. 1988. The ultrastructure of the ocellus in the larva of Clavelina lepadiformis (Tunicata, Ascidiacea). Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural 55 : 109-118

•  Turon X. 1988. Some ascidians from Namibia . Monografías de Zoología Marina 3 : 267-291

•  Turon X. 1988. Distribución ecológica del grupo de las ascidias (Tunicados) en las costas de Catalunya e Islas Baleares. Miscel.lània Zoològica 12 : 221-238

•  Turon X. 1988. Cratostigma vestigialis (Ascidiacea), ascidie nouvelle de la Méditerranée occidentale. Bulletin Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 10 Sér A2: 237-240

•  Turon X, Perera M. 1988. Las ascidias del Delta del Ebro. Aspectos faunísticos y cuantitativos. Publicaciones del Departamento de Zoología, Universidad de Barcelona 14 : 81-90

•  Turon X. 1988. The ascidians of Tossa de Mar ( Girona , NE of Spain ). II. Biological cycles of the colonial species. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 29 : 407-418

•  Ramos AA, Turon X, Lafargue F. 1988. Crastostigma campoyi n.sp. (Ascidiacea, Pyuridae) en Méditerranée occidentale. Observations sur le genre Cratostigma (C et F Monniot). Vie et Milieu 38: 95-100



•  Turon X. 1987. Morfología de las espículas sifonales en las especies del género Microcosmus del litoral mediterráneo español. Anales de Biología 11: 37-42

•  Turon X. 1987. Las ascidias de Tossa de Mar (Girona). Generalidades, faunística y taxonomía. Miscel.lània Zoològica 11 : 221-232

•  Turon X, Mateo B. 1987. Presencia de Diplosoma carnosum Von Drasche, 1883, en el litoral balear. Publicaciones del Departamento de Zoología, Universidad de Barcelona 13 : 99-102

•  Turon X. 1987. Estudio de las ascidias de las costas de Catalunya e Islas Baleares. PhD Thesis. Servei Publicacions Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona. 353 pp.



•  Lafargue F, Ramos AA, Turon X, Banaigs B, Wahl M. 1986. The littoral ascidians of the Spanish Mediterranean. I. From Port-bou to the Islas Medas. Vie et Milieu : 133-139

•  Turon X. 1986. Estudio morfológico de las espículas de las especies de la Familia Didemnidae (Ascidiacea) del litoral de Cataluña e Islas Baleares. - Miscel.lània Zoològica10 : 213-222



•  Turon X. 1985. Ascidias del Cabo de Creus (Costa NE española). Miscel.lània Zoològica 9 : 265-271




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