How solvent controls electronic energy transfer and light harvesting

TitleHow solvent controls electronic energy transfer and light harvesting
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsScholes, GD, Curutchet C, Mennucci B, Cammi R, Tomasi J
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Pagination6978 - 6982
Date Published2007
ISBN Number1520-6106
Keywordscondensed matter, couplings, dendrimers, Dynamics, excitation transfer, photosynthesis, polymers, purple bacteria, spectroscopy, systems
AbstractThe way that solvent (or host medium) modifies the rate of electronic energy transfer (EET) has eluded researchers for decades. By applying quantum chemical methods that account for the way solvent (in general any host medium including liquid, solid, or protein, etc.) responds to the interaction between transition densities, we quantify the solvent screening. We find that it attains a striking exponential attenuation at separations less than about 20 angstrom, thus interpolating between the limits of no apparent screening and a significant attenuation of the EET rate. That observation reveals a previously unidentified contribution to the distance dependence of the EET rate.