Hydrophobic similarity between molecules: a MST-based hydrophobic similarity index

TitleHydrophobic similarity between molecules: a MST-based hydrophobic similarity index
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsMunoz, J, Barril X, Hernandez B, Orozco M, Luque FJ
JournalJournal of computational chemistry
Pagination554 - 563
Date Published2002/04/15/
KeywordsAlgorithms; Animals; Computational Biology/methods; DNA/chemistry; Energy Transfer; Guanidines/chemistry; Histamine H2 Antagonists/chemistry/pharmacokinetics; Hydrogen Bonding; Intestines; Models, Chemical; Molecular Conformation; Molecular Structure; Rats; Solvents/chemistry; Structure-Activity Relationship; Thermodynamics; Water/chemistry
AbstractA similarity index based on the hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties of molecules is presented. Such an index is defined based on the fractional partition of the free energy of solvation developed within the framework of the self-consistent reaction field MST model, which divides the free energy of solvation or the free energy of transfer into contributions assigned to the surface elements defining the solute/solvent interface. These surface contributions can be integrated to derive atomic or group contributions. The suitability of the index to compute the molecular similarity based on hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties is examined by considering their application in a variety of test systems, including structure-activity relationships, absorption properties, and molecular recognition. The similarity index is expected to be a very powerful tool in molecular similarity studies for compounds of chemical, biochemical, and pharmaceutical interest.