Unique tautomeric properties of isoguanine

TitleUnique tautomeric properties of isoguanine
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsBlas, JR, Luque FJ, Orozco M
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Pagination154 - 164
Date Published2004/01/14/
KeywordsBase Pairing; DNA/chemistry; Gases; Guanine/chemistry; Hydrogen Bonding; Models, Chemical; Models, Molecular; Oligonucleotides/chemistry; Solvents; Thermodynamics
AbstractThe tautomeric properties of isoguanine (also named 2-oxoadenine or 2-hydroxyadenine) have been studied in the gas phase, in different pure solvents, and in the DNA environment using state of the art theoretical methods. Our results show that isoguanine constitutes an unique example of how tautomerism can be modulated by the environment. Compared to the tautomeric preference in the gas phase, both polar solvents and the DNA microenvironment dramatically change the intrinsic tautomeric properties of isoguanine. Tautomers which are important in physiological conditions are less than⅟10(5) of the total population of isoguanine in the gas phase. The impact of the present findings in the understanding of spontaneous mutations and in the design of new nucleobases with multiple recognition properties is discussed.