For a complete list of publications see


Microbial symbiosis

  • Baldo L* and Werren JH* (2021). Evolutionary Genetics of Microbial Symbiosis.Genes 12 (3), 327.

  • Riera JL and Baldo L (2020). Microbial co-occurrence networks of gut microbiota reveal community conservation and diet-associated shifts in cichlid fishes. Animal Microbiome volume 2, Article number: 36.

  • Baldo L, Riera JL, Salzburger W and Barluenga M (2019). Phylogeography and ecological niche shape the cichlid fish gut microbiota in Central American and African lakes. Frontiers in Microbiology

  • Baldo L, Riera JL, Mitsi K, Pretus JL (2018) Processes shaping gut microbiota diversity in allopatric populations of the endemic lizard Podarcis lilfordi from Menorcan islets (Balearic Islands). FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 94(2). DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fix186
  • Baldo L, Pretus JL, Riera JL, Musilova Z, Bitja Nyom AR, Salzburger W (2017) Convergence of gut microbiotas in the adaptive radiations of African cichlid fishes. ISMEj 11:1975-1987. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2017.62
  • Santos E, Baldo L, Gu L, Boileau N, Musilova Z and Salzburger W (2016). Comparative transcriptomics of anal fin pigmentation patterns in cichlid fishes. BMC Genomics 17:712. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-3046-y
  • Baldo L, Riera JL, Tooming-Klunderud A, Alba’ MM, and Salzburger W (2015). Dynamics of the gut microbiota during dietary shifts in Eastern African cichlid fishes. Plos One 10(5):e0127462
  • Baldo L, Santos ME and Salzburger W (2011). Comparative transcriptomics of eastern African cichlid fishes shows signs of positive selection and a large contribution of untranslated regions to genetic diversity. Genome Biology and Evolution 3:443-55.
  • Baldo L, De Queiroz A, Hayashi CHY, Marshall E and Gatesy J (2011). Nuclear-mitochondrial sequences as witnesses of past interbreeding and population diversity in the jumping bristletail Mesomachilis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28:195-210.
  • Stahlhut JK, Desjardins CA, Clark MA, Baldo L, Russell JA, Werren JH and Jaenike J (2010). The mushroom habitat as an ecological arena for global exchange of Wolbachia. Molecular Ecology 19:1940:1952.
  • Baldo L, Desjardins CA, Russell JA, Stahlhut JK and Werren JH (2010). Accelerated Microevolution in an Outer Membrane Protein (OMP) of the Intracellular Bacteria Wolbachia. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:48.
  • Russell JA, Goldman-Huertas B, Moreau CS, Baldo L, Stahlhut JK, Werren JH and Pierce NE (2009). Specialization and geographic isolation among Wolbachia symbionts from ants and lycaenid butterflies. Evolution 63:624-40.
  • Raychoudhury R, Baldo L, Oliveira DCSG and Werren JH (2009). Modes of Acquisition of Wolbachia in Nasonia: Horizontal Transfer, Hybrid Introgression and Co-divergence. Evolution 63:165-83.
  • Werren JH, Baldo L and Clark ME (2008). Wolbachia: Master Manipulators of Invertebrate Biology. Nature Reviews Microbiology 6:741-751.
  • Baldo L, Ayoub NA, Hayashi CY, Russel JA, Stahlhut JK and Werren JH (2008). Insight into the routes of Wolbachia invasion: high levels of horizontal transfer in the spider genus Agelenopsis revealed by Wolbachia strain and mitochondrial DNA diversity. Molecular Ecology 17:557–569.
  • Baldo L, Prendini L, Corthals A and Werren JH (2007). Wolbachia are present in Southern African scorpions and cluster with supergroup F. Current Microbiology 55:367–373.
  • Baldo L and JH Werren (2007). Revisiting Wolbachia Supergroup Typing Based on WSP: Spurious Lineages and Discordance with MLST. Current Microbiology 55:81-7.
  • Ioannidis P, Dunning Hotopp JC, Sapountzis P, Siozios S, Tsiamis G, Bordenstein SR, Baldo L, Werren JH and Bourtzis K (2007). New Criteria for Selecting the Origin of DNA Replication in Wolbachia and Closely Related Bacteria. BMC Genomics 8:182.
  • Baldo L, Dunning Hotopp JC, Jolley KA, Bordenstein SR, Biber SA, Choudhury RR, Hayashi CY, Maiden MCJ, Tettelin H and Werren JH (2006). Multilocus Sequence Typing system for the endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72:7098-7110.
  • Baldo L, Bordenstein SR, Wernegreen JJ and Werren JH (2006). Widespread recombination throughout Wolbachia genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23:437-449.
  • Casiraghi M, Bordenstein SR, Baldo L, Lo N, Beninati T, Wernegreen JJ, Werren JH and Bandi C (2005). Phylogeny of Wolbachia pipientis based on gltA, groEL and ftsZ gene sequences: clustering of arthropod and nematode symbionts in the F supergroup, and evidence for further diversity in the Wolbachia tree. Microbiology 151: 4015-4022.
  • Van Opijnen T, Baudry E, Baldo L, Bartos J and Werren JH (2005). Genetic variability in the three genomes of Nasonia: Nuclear, mitochondrial and Wolbachia. Insect Molecular Biology 14:653–663.
  • Baldo L, Lo N and Werren JH (2005). Mosaic nature of the Wolbachia surface protein. Journal of Bacteriology 187: 5406-5418.
  • Baldo L and Ferraguti M (2005). Mixed reproductive strategy in Tubifex tubifex (Oligochaeta, tubificidae)? Journal of Experimental Zoology 303A:168-177.
  • Foster FJ, Baldo L, Blaxter ML, Henkle-Duhrsen K, Slatko BE and Bandi C (2004). The bacterial catalase from filarial DNA preparations derives from common pseudomonad contaminants and not from Wolbachia endosymbionts. Parasitology Research 94:141-146.
  • Baldo L, Bartos JD, Werren JH, Bazzocchi C, Casiraghi M and Panelli S (2002). Different rates of nucleotide substitutions in Wolbachia endosymbionts of arthropods and nematodes: arms race or host shifts? Parassitologia 44: 179-187. /56457c8108ae54697fb87ed1.pdf