14th Annual Meeting of the African Economic History Network

“Global Dimensions of African Economic History”


The workshop venue is the Facultat d’Economia i Empresa (Faculty of Economics and Business), Universitat de Barcelona.

Conference venue

Conference venue

Transport and Accommodation

Pavellons de la finca Güell

Barcelona is served by the International Airport Barcelona -El Prat, which has two large terminal buildings: Terminal 1 (T1) and Terminal 2 (T2).

Metro: The most convenient way to reach the Faculty from the airport is taking Metro Line L9. The complete journey takes 32 minutes and runs every 7 minutes on weekdays. The final stop, “Zona Universitària”, leaves you in front of the Faculty. The cost is 4.60€ single way (the T-10 multi-person public transport card will not allow you to take the metro from the airport).

Shuttle Aerobus: runs every 10 minutes and takes 30 min. to get to the city. Single ticket: 5.90€. Return ticket: €10.20 (valid 15 days).

Taxis are also a good option, especially if you share: 35€ approx. to the city centre. Information about fares and additional charges are available to view on the window of the taxi. Taxi fares include a service charge, so tipping is not expected. Not all taxis accept credit card payments; verify whether credit cards are accepted before leaving the airport.

Train: RENFE train line “R2 Nord” connects airport T2 with the city center. The train station is situated opposite T2, and is connected to this terminal via a footbridge (https://www.aeropuertobarcelona-elprat.com/ingl/accesos_aeropuerto_tren4010.htm). There is a free shuttle bus service between T2 and T1 (https://www.aeropuertobarcelona-elprat.com/ingl/connections-between-terminals-barcelona.htm). The train runs every 30 minutes and takes around 25 minutes to get to the city center. The cost is 4.10€ for a single trip, but you can also take the train by using a 10-trip multi-person public transport card (T-10) which costs 10.20€ and will allow you to then take the metro. In order to reach the Faculty: take the “R2 Nord” train, stop at “Barcelona Sants” train station and change to the metro, where you can take the green line (L3) towards “Zona Universitària”, which is the last stop in L3 and leaves you in front of the Faculty.

From the city: The following transit lines have routes that pass near Avinguda Diagonal 690 - Metro: L3; Buses: H6, 7, 33, 67, 75, 113 (metro and bus stops “Palau Reial” or “Zona Universitaria”); Tramway: lines T1, T2, T3 (Palau Reial).

Further information: https://www.tmb.cat/en/home


You can find several hotels and cheaper student accommodation around the conference area. Various options can be found at the usual websites: AirbnB, Booking.com and also:

Barcelona Tourist Guide
Barcelona Centre Universitari (BCU)

Residences and hotels nearby:
Barcelona Torre Girona Residence Hall
Barcelona Diagonal Residence Hall
Atenea Barcelona Aparthotel
Arenas Atiram 4 (near the Camp Nou)
Hotel Upper Diagonal
Hotel Bonanova Park
Hotel NH Barcelona Stadium

Residence in the city center:
Barcelona Residència d'Investigadors

Faculty of Economics and Business

This meeting has been made possible by the generous support of:

Universitat de Barcelona. Vicerectorat de Projecció i Internacionalització Barcelona Economic Analysis Team Economic History Society Centre d'Estudis Antoni de Capmany ICREA Ministerio de Cienca, Innovación y Universidades Young Scholars Initative

Local Organizing Committee

Jordi Caum Julio, Gabriele Cappelli, Pablo Fernández Cebrián, Alfonso Herranz Loncán, Aurelia Mañé Estrada, Federico Tadei


Register for the event

Register for the event: The registration deadline is expired


Programme at a glance

Thursday, 17 October


Meeting of the AEHN Board - Aula 2019

Friday, 18 October



Aula Magna hall


Opening and Welcome

Aula Magna


Keynote One: Leandro Prados de la Escosura (University Carlos III of Madrid)

Aula Magna


Coffee Break

Aula Magna hall


Parallel Sessions (1, 2, 3, 4)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031

Aula 1034



Aula Magna hall


Parallel Sessions (5, 6, 7, 8)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031

Aula 1034


Coffee Break

Keynes St. hall


Parallel Sessions (9, 10, 11)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031



Pavellons Güell

Saturday, 19 October


Parallel Sessions (12, 13, 14, 15)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031

Aula 1038


Coffee Break

Keynes St. hall


Parallel Sessions (16, 17, 18, 19)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031

Aula 1038



Keynes St. hall


Parallel Sessions (20, 21, 22, 23)

Sala de Recepcions

Aula 1030

Aula 1031

Aula 1038


Coffee Break

Keynes St. hall


Keynote Two: Elise Huillery (University of Paris-Dauphine)

Sala d'Actes



Sala d'Actes


Jay-Jay Okocha Trophy Soccer Match

Esports UB

Av. Diagonal, 695

14th Annual Meeting of the African Economic History Network

“Global dimensions of African Economic History”

18-19 October 2019
University of Barcelona School of Economics
Av. Diagonal, 690

Friday, 18 October 2019

8:30-9:00 Registration

9:00-9:15 Opening and Welcome (Aula Magna)

9:15-10:30 Keynote One (Aula Magna)
Leandro Prados de la Escosura
(University Carlos III of Madrid)
Lost Decades: A Glance Beyond GDP

10:30-11:00 Coffee break

11:00-13:30 Parallel Sessions

Panel 1. Social class, social mobility and elites
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Felix Meier zu Selhausen (Sussex)

Nicola Ginsburgh (Free State)

Theorising Class in African Settler Colonial Contexts: Implications for Economic History

Rebecca Simson (Oxford)

Elites of independence Kenya and Uganda: socially fractured or class in the making?

Beaurel Visser (Stellenbosch)

The enfranchised Africans of Queenstown: Social mobility and the participation
of Africans in the Cape Franchise 1872-1909

Bamidélé Aly

The Nigerianization of the private and public sectors (1948-1980)

Kleoniki Alexopoulou,
Joerg Baten (Tuebingen)

The relationship between elite human capital, violence and slavery in Sub-Saharan Africa (15th-20th centuries)

Panel 2. Corporations
Aula 1030

Chair: José A. Peres-Cajías (Barcelona)

Alfons Fransen (ASC)

South Central Africa globalized as a business project. The case of British South Africa Company

Godfrey Hove (Zimbabwe)

Strange bedfellows? International Capital, the local political economy and agrarian development:
the case of Nestle Company and the politics of milk marketing in Zimbabwe, 1961-2010

Hyden Munene
(Free State)

Corporate Structure, Labour Relations and Profitability of Rhokana Corporation during the
First Years of Zambian Independence, 1964–1969

Klas Rönnbäck,
Oskar Broberg (Gothenburg)

From colonial corporate state to land rentier company – The British South Africa Company
and the transition of power in colonial Rhodesia

Belinda Makare (Zimbabwe)

The operations of O’Neill meat processors (private) limited company in the cattle industry
of Wiltshire African purchase area, 1964-1980

Panel 3. Industry, energy and mining
Aula 1031

Chair: Gareth Austin (Cambridge)

Dácil Juif
(Carlos III)

The local impact of mining activities in comparative perspective

Adewumi Damilola Adebayo (Cambridge)

Central Planning, Price Controls, and Electricity Affordability in Colonial Lagos, 1930-1960

Victor Akintunde Ajayi
(Federal U. Oye-Ekiti)

The place of craft industries in the economy of pre-independence Ekiti division of western Nigeria, 1900-1960

Frederick,Elise van Nederveen Meerkerk (Utrecht)

“Production” and “consumption” cities in late-colonial Africa: Industrial development and
urbanization in Northern and Southern Rhodesia, c. 1930-1965

Ajibade Samuel Idowu (Ibadan)

Political Economy of the Nigerian Marble Industry

Panel 4. Trade, trade networks and markets
Aula 1034

Chair: Laura Maravall-Buckwalter (Tuebingen)

Conrad Copeland (Bristol)

Bridging New Divides: The Impact of International Ethnic Linkages on Bilateral Trade in Africa

Johan Fourie (Stellenbosch),
Erik Green (Lund),
Auke Rijpma (Utrecht),
Dieter von Fintel (Stellenbosch)

The equality of free trade? British annexation of the Cape and its consequences

Nektarios Aslanidis (URV),
Oscar Martinez (URV),
Federico Tadei (Barcelona)

Commodity Market Integration in Africa, 1850-2015

Aytuğ Zekeriya Bolcan (Istanbul)

The Effect of War on International Trade Networks: Evidence from the Continental Blockade

13:30-14:30 Lunch

14:30-16:30 Parallel Sessions

Panel 5. The Economic History of Northern Africa (I)
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Aurelia Mañé (Barcelona)

Mattia Fochesato (Bocconi)

Different local responses to the Black Death: A comparison of wages and prices across
the Mediterranean cities in the late Middle Age

Ali A. Soliman (Cairo),
Mohamad Mabrouk Kotb (Fayoum)

Egypt's Finances and Foreign Campaigns, 1810-1840

Mohamed Saleh,
Claire Galez-Davis (TSE)

Marriage, Fertility, and Child Mortality before the Demographic Transition:
Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Egypt

Panel 6. Colonial states’ policies
Aula 1030

Chair: Federico Tadei (Barcelona)

Bernard Kusena,
Miriam Zhou (Zimbabwe)

Rethinking Rural Food Security: The 1947 Drought and the Colonial State in Zimbabwe

Denis Cogneau (PSE),
Elise Huillery (Paris-Dauphine),
Sandrine Mesplé-Somps (DIAL)

Capital in the French Colonial Empire

Lindsey Pruett (Cornell)

Shifting Strategies of Colonial Military Development in French West Africa, 1920-1938

Ononiwu A.
Oparah (Evangel U. Akaeze)

Global dimension of colonial economic policy in the eastern region of Nigeria, 1939-1960

Panel 7. Education
Aula 1031

Chair: Belinda Archibong (Columbia)

Laura Maravall Buckwalter (Tuebingen),
Joerg Baten (Tuebingen),
Johan Fourie (Stellenbosch)

Ethnic patronage and education: Evidence from colonial and post-colonial Africa

Nicolai Baumert (Lund)

Missionary education under different colonial regimes. The historical roots of formal education
in Cameroon, 1868 - 1960

Gabriele Cappelli (Siena),
Joerg Baten (Tuebingen)

Human capital accumulation in Africa in a long-term perspective, 1730 – 1970: did colonialism matter?

Pablo Fernández Cebrián (Barcelona)

Primary schooling in Mozambique under indigenato, 1935-1962

Panel 8. Business, business networks and entrepreneurship
Aula 1034

Chair: Daniel Castillo-Hidalgo (Las Palmas de GC)

Tawanda Valentine Chambwe (Free State)

A period of Mixed Fortunes for African Entrepreneurship in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1955 to 1967

Donatella Strangio (Sapienza),
Patrizia Battilani (Bologna)

Networks, state building and economic development in Somalia during the de-colonization

Emiliano Travieso,
Tom Westland (Cambridge)

What Happened to the Workshop of West Africa? Trade, Taxes, and Textiles in Northern Nigeria, c. 1890-1930s

Lukasiewicz (Leipzig)

Gold, Industry and Race: The South African Republic at the 1889 Paris Exposition Universelle

16:30-17:00 Coffee break

17:00-19:00 Parallel Sessions

Panel 9. Taxation
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Ewout Frankema (Wageningen)

Collins Osayuki Edigin (Benin)

Consensual Taxation without Institutional Development: The Contradiction of British Colonial Taxation
in Benin (Nigeria), 1897-1945

Denis Cogneau (PSE),
Yannick Dupraz (Warwick),
Justine Knebelmann (PSE),
Sandrine Mesplé-Somps (DIAL)

Taxation in Former French Africa from Colonial Times to Present

Tapiwa Madimu (Free State)

Revenue Appropriation and Administration in Southern Rhodesia, c.1898-1923

Mark Van Dyk (South Africa)

Internecine disputes within the South African State and the imposition of the 1925 Poll Tax

Panel 10. Foreign intervention in Africa
Aula 1031

Chair: Karin Pallaver (Bologna)

Maria Fernanda Rollo (Nova de Lisboa)

The strategic role of the Portuguese colonial economies in the post World War II. American Aid and Technical Assistance
to Angola and Mozambique

Sarai-Anne Ikenze (Lund)

Exploring the links between African underdevelopment in colonial and post-colonial times—the role of
Structural Adjustment Programs

Elhadji Saer Thiam (Sorbonne)

French and Chinese economic policies in Africa: from 1960 to the present day; the example of Senegal

Eva Ariane Kocher (Basel)

Sub-Saharan Decolonization, Reinsurance and the role of the international community

Panel 11. Migration, conflict and segregation in African societies
Aula 1030

Chair: Ushehweduh Kufakurinani (Zimbabwe)

Mbem (Stellenbosch)

Imvelaphi yamaXhosa aseKapa: Connecting amaXhosa in Cape Town with ‘Home’

Stephan van Wyk (Cambridge)

Making Apartheid’s Capital? The City of Pretoria in a Larger Economic Context

Youngook Jang (Stellenbosch)

Beyond Race: Changing Patterns of Intermarriage in 20th Century Cape Town

Emmanuel Etamo Kengo (Buea)

Cattle Rustling in the North West Region of Cameroon, the Case of Momo Division 1982 - 2015:
Poverty or Contest over Space?

19:30-21:00 Dinner

Saturday, 19 October 2019

9:00-11:00 Parallel Sessions

Panel 12. The Fiscal State in Africa
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Denis Cogneau (PSE)

Abel Gwaindepi (Lund)

Fates and efforts: Accounting for direct taxation in Africa in comparative perspectives, 1900-2015

Ewout Frankema (Wageningen),
Marlous van Waijenburg (Michigan)

Fiscal development and the rise of ‘modern’ tax systems under Colonial and Sovereign rule

Morten Jerven (Lund),
Thilo Albers (Humboldt),
Marvin Suesse (Trinity)

The external economy of the fiscal state in Africa

Adamu Jibir,
Musa Abdu (Gombe State U.)

Historical Development of Fiscal Policy Operation among Sub-Saharan Countries

Panel 13. Money under colonialism and beyond
Aula 1038

Chair: Leigh Gardner (LSE)

Alessandro De Cola (Bologna)

The Maria Teresa thaler shortage in Italian Eritrea during the First World War: colonial policies and local responses

Karin Pallaver (Bologna)

Spheres of exchange and the disruption of money uniformity in early colonial Kenya and Uganda

Toyomu Masaki (Kanazawa)

How France made Senegal its colony: From an Aspect of the Financial System Established in the Nineteenth Century

Ushehwedu Kufakurinani (Zimbabwe),
Anders Ögren (Lund)

From hyperinflation to liquidity crunch: Money Doctors and the Zimbabwean Economic Experience, 2003 to 2015

Panel 14. Inequality and social tables
Aula 1031

Chair: Jutta Bolt (Lund)

Calumet Links (Stellenbosch),
Erik Green (Lund),
Dieter Von Fintel (Stellenbosch)

Exploring the necessary empirical conditions for estimating inequality with social tables

Ellen Hillbom (Lund),
Michiel de Haas (Wageningen),
Federico Tadei (Barcelona)

Measuring historical income inequality in Africa: What can we learn from social tables?

Michiel de Haas (Wageningen)

Export crops and inequality in colonial Africa: constructing social tables for Uganda, 1925-1965

Sascha Klocke (Lund)

Income inequality and living standards in the rural sector in British Tanganyika (1920-1960)

Panel 15. Slave trade and emancipation
Aula 1030

Chair: Alfonso Herranz-Loncán (Barcelona)

Jose Rowell Corpuz (York)

Turning Points in the Slave Trade

Martin (Stellenbosch)

The Price of Freedom: Using Emancipation Records to Analyse the Characteristics of the
Enslaved at the Cape Colony, 1834

Kate Ekama (Stellenbosch)

Intermediaries of Freedom: compensation payments and commercial networks in the Cape Colony

11:00-11:30 Coffee break

11:30-13:30 Parallel Sessions

Panel 16. The Economic History of Northern Africa (II)
Aula 1038

Chair: Mohamed Saleh (TSE)

Mattia Bertazzini (Oxford)

Expulsions of European farmers, productivity shocks and indigenous responses:
evidence from Italian Libya, 1930-2005

Silvana Bartoletto (Naples Parthenope)

Past and Present of energy security: Libya and Egypt since World War II

Uzeyir Serdar Serdaroglu (Istanbul)

The Evolution of Business Operations and Networks in the Ottoman Empire: British Merchants
and Business Operations in the Northern Africa

Panel 17. Gender
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Gabriele Cappelli (Siena)

Francisco J. Marco Gracia (Stellenbosch)

"Women's rural penalty" in South Africa during the twentieth century

Bokang Mpeta,
Johan Fourie (Stellenbosch)

Understanding the Feminization of the South African labour market

Jennifer Koehler (LSE)

Ties that bind? Matrilineal kinship and the evolution of interpersonal trust on the African continent and beyond

Elisabeth Kempter (Tuebingen),
Joerg Baten (Tuebingen),
Felix Meier zu Selhausen (Sussex),
Michiel de Haas (Wageningen)

Educational gender inequality in Africa: A long-term perspective

Panel 18. Forced labour and child labour
Aula 1030

Chair: Erik Green (Lund)

Belinda Archibong (Columbia),
Nonso Obikili (ERSA)

Constructing Capital in the Twentieth Century: Prisons and Forced Labor in British Colonial Africa

Sarah Balakrishnan (Harvard)

Of Debt and Bondage: From Slavery to an African Prison System in the Gold Coast, c. 1807-1957

Pedro Goulart (Lisboa),
Pedro Martins (Nova)

The Cadbury controversy revisited: plantations, child labour and productivity

Valerie Delali Adjoh-Davoh (Cape Coast)

Ending child labour? The past and present of child labour in Ghana’s cocoa exports, 1912-2016

Panel 19. Measuring growth, welfare and poverty
Aula 1031

Chair: Morten Jerven (Lund)

Gareth Austin (Cambridge)

The Problem of Periodization in West African and African Economic History

John Nott (Maastricht)

Counting calories in neoliberal Ghana: food, health and the quantification of poverty in a time
of economic growth, c. 1983-2017

Leigh Gardner (LSE),
Stephen Broadberry (Oxford)

Economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa, 1885-2008

Sedi Anne
Boukaka (Tor Vergata)

Data deprivation? African Historical Household Surveys and welfare measurement:
empirical results from Togo 1960s-2000s

13:30-14:30 Lunch

14:30-16:30 Parallel Sessions

Panel 20. Population, health and mortality
Sala de Recepcions

Chair: Johan Fourie (Stellenbosch)

Felix Meier zu Selhausen (Sussex),
Jutta Bolt (Lund)

Mortality and Disease in Rural Tanzania: Evidence from Lutheran Missionary Registers, 1885-1935

Samuel Lordemus (Sheffield)

Colonial origins and health facilities performance in the D.R.Congo

Jeanne Cilliers (Lund),
Auke Rijpma (Utrecht)

Social inequality in settler mortality: Exploring new sources for a pre-industrial farming society

Panel 21. Food, agriculture and livestock production
Aula 1030

Chair: Ellen Hillbom (Lund)

Tanik Joshipura (Wageningen)

Towards mass food imports: Identifying the role of relative prices in the changing food preferences in African cities

Sven Van
Melkebeke (Ghent)

The global Robusta frontier. Coffee production and the competition for rural labor and land
in Africa and Asia (1870-1960)

Bryan U. Kauma (Stellenbosch)

“Selling the colony”. Peasant production and marketing of small grains in Southern Rhodesia, c.1870-1980

Emelie Rohne Till (Lund)

Agriculture Public Spending and Growth in Ethiopia, 1993-2016

Panel 22. Banking and finance
Aula 1038

Chair: Tinashe Nyamunda (Free State)

Dawit Haileyesus Denegetu (Addis Ababa)

History of Banks in Ethiopia

Giovanni Farese (European U. of Rome)

Cold War, International Development and Merchant Banks in Africa. The Case of Italy’s Mediobanca’s
in the Years of Decolonization

Harry Cross (Durham)

Sudan’s socialist moment: the nationalisation of banks in Sudan in 1970

Peter Uledi
(Hebrew U. of Jerusalem)

From the Reserve Bank to Insurance: A global perspective on surviving economic sanctions through a transition of the
financial mobilization process during UDI, 1965-1979

Panel 23. Labour markets
Aula 1031

Chair: Dácil Juif (Carlos III)

Alex Okolouma (Yaoundé 2)

Les dysfonctionnements de la protection sociale au Cameroun

Temesgen Tesfamariam Beyan (RDC and CBSS Asmara)

Unemployment and Social Disorder during the British Colonial Period in Eritrea (1941-1951)

Daniel Castillo Hidalgo (Las Palmas de GC),
Verónica Cañal Fernández (Oviedo)

The influence of human capital on the structure of wages at Dakar, (1911-1936)

Mostafa Abdelaal (Cambridge)

Limits of African Labour Participation in the Mining and Manufacturing Sectors in
Northern Rhodesian Copperbelt, 1945-1964

16:30-17:00 Coffee break

17:00-18:15 Keynote Two (Sala d'Actes)
Elise Huillery
(University Paris-Dauphine)
Colonial Origins of Civil Conflicts: Early Leaders' Personality in French West Africa

18:15-18:30 Conclusion

19:00-20:30 Jay-Jay Okocha Trophy Soccer Match


Keynote One: Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Professor of Economic History at Universidad Carlos III, Madrid
Leandro Prados de la EscosuraLeandro Prados de la Escosura (D. Phil. Modern History, Oxford University, and Ph.D. Economics, Universidad Complutense, Madrid) is Professor of Economic History at Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), Research Associate at the Centre for Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE), and a Corresponding Fellow of Spain’s Royal Academy of History. He currently holds the Honorary Maddison Chair at the University of Groningen. He has taught at Georgetown University (Prince of Asturias Professor) and the University of California, San Diego. He has been Leverhulme Professor at the London School of Economics and Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, and the LSE, and a Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence. He served as President of the European Historical Economics Society [EHES] and as a Trustee of the Cliometric Society and EHES. He has contributed to the main journals in economic history and published and edited books on long-run growth and retardation in Spain, the economic consequences of Latin American independence, the costs and benefits of European imperialism, British exceptionalism at the time of the Industrial Revolution and economic freedom and wellbeing in historical perspective. He is currently finishing a new book, Human Development in the Modern World, for Cambridge University Press.

Lost Decades? A glance Beyond GDP
In their seminal paper on postcolonial comparative performance in Africa and Latin America, Bates, Coatsworth, and Williamson (2007) adventured a promising future for Africa: relative political stability and economic growth but, perhaps, not at a high social cost, as in the case of Latin America. Now, with half-a-century hindsight this keynote talk will examine the Africa’s postcolonial experience from a capabilities perspective in terms of health, education, and democracy.

Keynote Two: Elise Huillery

Professor at the University Paris-Dauphine
Elise HuilleryElise Huillery is Professor at the University Paris‐Dauphine and research affiliate at J‐PAL (Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab), LIEPP (Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques), and EUDN (European Development Network). She received a PhD in economics from the Paris School of Economics and was then an Assistant Professor at Sciences Po before joining Paris-Dauphine as a Full Professor in 2016. Her research focuses on the determinants of poverty and inequalities mostly in Africa and in France, as well as public policies that can reduce it. She has worked in collaboration with governments in several countries with the aim to help design and evaluate the impact of social policies related to health, labor and education. She also conducts research on the history of the former French colonies with the objective of providing statistical evidence on colonization and its long term impacts on African development.

Colonial Origins of Civil Conflicts: Early Leaders' Personality in French West Africa
This keynote will discuss the role of leaders and their personality in shaping state capacity and civil conflicts. It will review the existing evidence as well as present new evidence based on colonial history in French West Africa. It will be argued that the earliest leaders of the colonial era made key decisions in building local government that varied due to their personality traits. These attitudes and decisions led to variation in the local population’s hostility towards the colonial government. Using arguably arbitrary assignment of district leaders, this keynote talk will show that the personality of the first district leaders affect colonial hostility, and such hostility leads to more modern civil conflicts.

Jay - Jay Okocha Trophy Soccer Match

The Jay - Jay Okocha Trophy Soccer Match will took place at Esports UB (Av. Diagonal, 695), Saturday 19 October at 19:00. Those interested in participating please send an email to Pablo Fernández-Cebrián, at:

Esports UB