1. Modelling and Simulation of Systems and Properties of matter in the nanoscale

This area of research includes the following research lines:

A.-Confinement-related Phenomena : Reactivity, magnetism, optoelectronics and Quantum Photonics. 
B.- Transport and Conduction. 
C.- Surface Effects. 
D.- Electronic Structure and Excitations. 
E.- Bose-Einstein Condensates and Quantum Confined gases.






The theoretic simulation of real systems by means of several techniques derived from Quantum Mechanics must enable researchers to predict the properties of new materials under development. On one hand, this predictive quality is essential in the creation of theoretic models, so that these can be applied successfully to confined Quantum gases, or to such fields as photonics, optoelectronics, molecular motors, catalysis and magneto-optics. On the other hand, the theoretic, idealised models that are to replace the much more complex systems we find in reality, must prove useful when it comes to the general comprehension of whatever phenomena are under study. These models must also be of help in the establishment of general rules which can guide specialists further in the design of new systems. 

This research area is composed of the following research groups: 

- Theoretical physics of Nanoscopic Systems
- Materials: Phase transitions
- Nanosystems Statistical Physics
- Nanosystems Statistical Physics-Complex Matter Group





2. Nanobiotechnology

This area comprehends the following research lines:

A.- Functionalisation of surfaces.
B.- Cellular and molecular Biomechanics
C.- Biomimetic structures and systems
D.- Nanofluidics and nanorobotics. Nanomotors.
E.- Diagnosis in nanomedicine: marcking and molecular observation
F.- Nanobiosensors; DNA and Potein Chips; lab on chip.









This research area covers the study of the organizational patterns observable in the molecular structures which control and rule the biological systems both at the cellular and the molecular scales. Nanobiotechnology focuses as well in the analysis of the interaction existing between materials and these molecular systems at nanometric scales. Its most relevant application is that of developing techniques and devices aimed at prevention and diagnose in nanomedicine. Nanobiotechnology is also useful as far as the development of the new therapeutic techniques is concerned. The nanobiotechnology area is integrated within our institute by the following research groups:

- Physics in Nanobiophysics
- Non-linear Physics in Nanobiophysics-Magnetic Soft Matter Group
- Microbian Enzymes for Industrial Applications Group 
- Nanomalaria Group
- Biophysics and Bioengineering Unit
- Intracellular Compartments and Membrane Trafficking
- Biomolecule and small-system physics: Small Biosystems Lab
- BiOPT: Optical Trapping Lab - Biophotonics Group
Cellular responses to xenobiotics
- Genomics, Proteomics and Plant Metabolomics
- Peptides and Proteins: Physicochemical Studies
- Bioelectronics Unit and Nanobioeneering Lab
- Supramolecular Systems in Nanobiomedicine
- Nanostructure of Biomembranes Group
- Conformational Diseases Group



3. Nanopharmacotherapy

Area 3 comprehends the following research lines:

A.- Nanostructured Systems for controlled drug release. Nanocapsules.

B.- Nanoestructured systems interaction with biological strucures.

C.- Bioavailability, toxicity and therapeutic efficiency of nanostructured systems.

D.- Non-viral vectors. Gene therapy. Pharmacogenomics and nutrigenomics.

E.- Molecular internalisation. Molecular marking. Detoxification.



This area aims to the development of nanostructures systems for controlled drug release and to the improvement of drug therapeutic efficiency when administered on target body to treat diseases. A reduction of toxicity on healthy tissues and cancer therapy are also sought. 

Area 3 is composed of the following research groups:

- Drug Development in Nanostructured Systems
- Drug Design and Response-evaluation within Pharmaceutical Nanostructured and self-ordered Systems Group
- Colloids
- Cancer therapy group 
- Química Bio-Inorgànica (QBI) Research Group 
- NanoBioPharma



4. Nanomagnetism, Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics

A.- Magnetic nanoparticles and molecular magnets.

B.- Dynamic processes in nanomagnetism. Microwave interaction.

C.- Magnetic electronics.

D.- NEMS (Nanoelectromechanical Systems).

E.- Nanodevices, nanosensors and electronic nanosystems, optoelectronics and photonics. Photonic Crystals.



The main objective of the research in this area is the development of new systems for storage and processing of information at the nanoscopic scale, as well as the study of new phenomena related to nanometric size. 


Nanomagnetism, nanoelectronics and nanophotonics Groups:

- Magnetic Interactions and Molecular Magnetism
- Magnetism and Functional Molecules Group (GMMF) 
- Thin Layer Stuctures for Spintronics
- Magnetism
- Micro-nanotecnologies and nanoscopies for electronics and photonic devices (MIND)
- Organic Materials Unit
- Magnetic Nanomaterials Group 
- Bioelectrochemistry and Nanotechnology Group

- Laser Processing Group (member of the Capes Fines i Enginyeria de Superfícies SGR)



5. Nanostructured Materials

Research area 5 encompasses the following research lines:

A.- Synthesis, nanomanufacturing and nanomanipulation. 
B.- Thin layers, nanostructured multilayers and coatings. 
C.- Nanoparticles, gels, nanofibers, nanorods and nanotubes. 
D.- Nanoestructured metallic Oxydes. 
E.- Nanocompounds. 
F.- Mesoporous Materials and Nanopatterns. 






The main aims within these research lines are the development of new nanostructured materials which offer an improvement as far as the properties of already existing materials are concerned. 

Research area 5 is composed of the following research groups: 

- Thin-film and Nanostructure electrodeposition group (GE-CPN) 
- Homogeneous Catalysis
- Phyisics and Engineering of amorphous materials and Nanostructures (FEMAN) 
- Engineering of colloidal systems
- Surface Engineering. Thin-layer Lab
- Self-organized complexity and self-assembling materials (SOC&SAM)
- Instrumentation Systems and Communications (SIC)
- Supra and Nanostructured Systems Group 



6. Nanoenergy: production, storage and environment

Area 6 comprehends the following research lines:

A.- Catalyic nanostructures for energy production. Fuel cells.
B.- Nanomaterials for solar cells and photocatalytic processes.
C.- Nanoestructured systems for energy storage.
D.- Functional nanorods and nanothreads.
E.- Nanosensors for pollution and gas detection.






The main aim of this reseach line is the application of nanomaterials to energy production and storage in order to improve the existing conditions as far as efficiency and duration are concerned. The ultimate challenge is to make these technologies competitive enough in front of other methods which are more conventional and at present less environment friendly. 



- Design and improvement of Processes and Materials (DIOPMA)
- M2E-Nanoenergy and Electronic Materials
- Solar and Photovoltaic Energy Group
- Catalysis and Advanced Inorganic Materials (MATCAT)