Referencia: Saldaña, O., Antelo, E., Rodríguez-Carballeira, A., & Almendros, C. (2018). Taxonomy of Psychological and Social Disturbances in Survivors of Group Psychological Abuse. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 27 (9), 1003-1021. DOI:10.1080/10926771.2017.1405315
Autores: Omar Saldaña, Emma Antelo, Álvaro Rodríguez-Carballeira y Carmen Almendros.
Resumen: The purpose of this study was to delimit the psychological and social disturbances that individuals who have suffered psychological abuse within a social group on an ongoing basis can experience. A comprehensive classification of these disturbances was developed based on a review of the scientific literature. Its content was revised by an international panel of 38 experts on the topic. Experts also judged the frequency and intensity with which each disturbance is commonly experienced by survivors of abusive groups. The taxonomy, which includes 20 components classified into four main categories, showed adequate content validity. The components considered the most frequent and intense were related to emotional difficulties, followed by those associated with relational and social integration difficulties, cognitive difficulties, and, finally, other specific problematic behaviors. Operationalizing and classifying the specific psychological and social disturbances commonly experienced by survivors of abusive groups contributes to a better delimitation of the phenomenon. Likewise, it contributes to the understanding of the long-term effects of psychological abuse, which is useful in both the academic and clinical settings.