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Bibliografia lul·liana

Boss, Virginity [2018]

Sarah Jane Boss

"The significance of Mary's Virginity in the Llibre de santa Maria"

Actes del Congrés de Clausura de l’Any Llull. «Ramon Llull, pensador i escriptor». Barcelona, 17-18 de novembre de 2016, ed. Lola Badia, Joan Santanach i Suñol i Albert Soler i Llopart, "Col·lecció Blaquerna" 13 (Barcelona / Palma: Universitat de Barcelona / Universitat de les Illes Balears, 2018), pp. 347-358.

The doctrine of the Incarnation is central to Llull’s theology and cosmology: it is the purpose for which the world was made and the means by which humanity finds its proper end in God. As the woman who gave the Son of God, Mary occupies a correspondingly central position in Llull’s picture of God and creation. In order to be the Mother of God, Mary must possess all the Principles in the most excellent degree possible – a degree beyond that which is possible for other creatures. In Mary, there is thus a ‘trans-finite’ dimension. Mary’s unbroken virginity is an aspect of this exceptional condition.In Llull’s writing on Mary, he insists on the importance of her virginity before, during, and after childbirth. Mary’s childbearing must be free from any kind of corruption in order for her to be worthy to be the Mother of God. Llull implies that Mary’s relationship with her son is conformed to the likeness of that same Son’s relationship with his eternal Father: as the Son is eternally begotten of the Father without any change taking place in the Persons of the Trinity, so the earthly son is born to a mother who gives birth without any change to her body. This means that Mary is deified – made Godlike. This is the destiny of all creation, and it is accomplished through the Incarnation. Mary’s virginity is thus necessary for the world’s re-creation – for all things to come to their end in God. The object of the Llibre de Santa Maria is that the reader should be brought closer to their end in God, and it presents Mary both as the means by which this is made possible in Christ, and also as the exemplar of the deified state to which the reader should aspire.

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