Welcome to our webpage, where we hope you will find all the information you need regarding the University of Barcelona’s llicenciaturadegree in Dentistry.
To begin with, a little history. In 1986 the enactment of Law 10/1986 relating to dentists and other dental health professionals redefined the dentistry profession in Spain in accordance with official criteria for countries belonging to the European Union. Subsequently, Royal Decree 970/1986 set out the essential elements of an official degree in dentistry, as well as general guidelines for the curriculum of study required to obtain the qualification. These acts constituted the renewal of Dentistry study for the training of dentists in Spain in line with EU directives, and a five-year undergraduate degree, independent of other medical studies, was established.
Naturally the UB Faculty of Dentistry exists to train future professionals in dentistry according to the official guidelines, and in 1987 we devised a Dentistry teaching program corresponding to RD 970/1986. Then as further Royal Decrees appeared (1497/1987 and 1418/1990) we developed an updated curriculum that was launched in 1994 and remains valid today.
In addition, while already having a clear European focus, the current curriculum also meets European directive 78/687/EEC training objectives to provide students with adequate knowledge and experience of the following areas:
the sciences on which dentistry is based and a good understanding of scientific methods, including the principles involved in measuring biological functions, the evaluation of scientifically established facts and data analysis;
the constitution, physiology and behaviour of healthy individuals and patients, as well as the influence of natural and social environments on human health, and especially how these factors affect dentistry;
the structure and function of the teeth, mouth, jaw and attached tissues, health and illness, and how these factors relate to a person’s general state of health and physical well-being;
clinical methods and techniques, so that successful graduates can identify abnormalities, injuries and diseases in the teeth, mouth, jaw and attached tissues, and practice preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic dentistry;
- clinical experience under appropriate supervision.
The llicenciaturadegree in Dentistry qualifies successful graduates for a single profession, that of dentist, and potentially opens the door to further specialization in the areas of teaching, research, and public and private healthcare management and practice as an independent operator or in collaboration with others, as is the case in other fields of health training. The professional profile for dentistry as defined by EU Directive 78/687/EC makes clear that a dentist should be competent to perform all activities necessary to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and anomalies of the teeth, mouth, jaw and attached tissues.
Therefore, dentistry training at the UB is also designed to achieve the following:
stimulate awareness and acceptance of the need to always practice in the greater interest of the patient, and in accordance with existing codes of ethics;
ensure that graduating students have acquired the knowledge and clinical competence to practice without supervision and are aware of their own limitations, knowing when it is necessary to refer patients to other appropriate professionals;
ensure that students acquire the professional skills, attitudes and behaviour to enable effective and appropriate interaction with patients and colleagues;
stimulate the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes to promote lifelong learning and allow graduates to achieve adequate professional development.
This brief historical introduction should help explain the structure and operation of our Faculty, where we teach dentistry according to guidelines set out by the current curriculum. In short this involves the completion of a total of 375 credits, of which 300 are compulsory credits common to all Spanish universities, 37.5 are optional credits and another 37.5 are free elective credits. A special feature of our program is the unequal value of credit hours, whereby an academic teaching credit is equivalent to ten hours, a preclinical activity credit equals 15 hours, and a credit of clinical practice has a value of 20 hours.
The degree consists of two stages, known as ‘cicles’. The first stage, especially in the first year of the course, covers the basic science that allows students to understand the morphology and function of the human body in general, and the oral cavity in particular. In the second stage the course covers the main pathological conditions affecting humans that have an impact on dental treatment and options for therapy. Also as part of the second stage, the third year of study deals with ongoing dental education and introduces preclinical practice on anatomical dental models. The fourth and fifth academic years are then devoted to dental treatment with real patients under the close supervision of teachers. These clinical practices are conducted within the University Dental Clinic, which is also located on the Bellvitge Campus.
The UB Faculty of Dentistry has a considerable number of undergraduate students, around 600, and expert staff more than capable of meeting the required teaching needs. Given the complexity of the course of study, one teacher is available for every sixty students for purely theoretical classes, for pre-clinical and laboratory practices there is a teacher for every fifteen students, and one teacher supervises five-to-eight students for clinical practice on real patients. Administrative and service personnel are also available to help resolve all administrative issues involved in completing the full course of study.
The UB Faculty of Dentistry also provides excellent training in postgraduate and doctoral programs of study.