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      Questram-R  Secció de Química Analítica UB
Caracterització material d'obres d'art 

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 LA-ICP/MS analysis of Man with letter

The research is focused on the material characterization of artworks and it includes two main lines:

                          • Development of specific instruments for the analysis of cultural heritage objects
                            • Remote Mid- infrared spectroscopy.
                            • Laser Ablation coupled to ICP/MS.
                            • Integrated molecular and atomic remote spectroscopic systems (XRF-UV/VIS/NIR)).
                          • Development of specific studies related to issues of interest in the field of cultural heritage objects: painting, manuscripts, and sculptures.
                            • Painting characterization, study of degradation processes.
                            • Conservation treatments for degraded manuscripts. 
                            • Illuminated manuscripts studies. 
                            • Restoration treatments studies.
                            • Ethnological objects studies.
                            • Metal.lic sculptures analysis and dating.
The group collaborated with several National and International Museums and Institutions to carry on the different studies.

 Group Members: Héctor Bagán and Georgios Magkanas

specific studies related to issues of interest in the field of cultural heritage objects


  • H. Bagán, G. Magkanas, M. Gascón, J.F. García. Material characterization and functional implications of a Claude Laurent glass flute. Microchemical Journal, 155, June (2020). Doi.10.1016/j.microc.2020.104734.
  • Eva Marín , Jose F. Garcia. The sixteenth century panel Virgin with the Child and an Angel,confluences of material characterization and iconography. Journal of Cultural Heritage (2017) . 
  • Miquel, A.; García, J.F.; Alcalde, G. Els origens de l'exposició 'L'art catalan du Xè siècle o XVè siècle' París, 1937. Revista de Catalunya, 299, p.125-135 (2017) . 
  • Maria Carme Sistach, Eva Marin and Jose Garcia. Evaluation of Alkaline Compounds Used for Deacidification and Simultaneous Liningof Extremely Degraded Manuscripts. Restaurator, 38(3), p.249–272 (2017). 
  • Clarimma Sessa, Héctor Bagán, M. Teresa Romera, José Francisco García. Effects of variability sources on analysis of the composition of large ancient metal objects..Microchemical Journal 134, p.309-316 (2017). 
  • Sessa, C.; Barro, L.; Centeno, S. A.; Bagán, H.; Carò, F.; García, J. F. Investigation of the possible origins of sulfur in 19th century salted paper photographs by x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. X-Ray Spectrometry 45, 3, p. 176 -184 (2016). 
  • Poggi, G.; Sistach, M.C.; Marín, E.; García, J.F.; Giorgi, R.; Baglioni. Calcium hydroxide nanoparticles in hydroalcoholic gelatin solutions (GeolNan) for the deacidification and strengthening of papers containing iron gall ink. Journal of Cultural Heritage 18, p.250-257 (2016). 
  • Lluch, E.; Barrera, J.; Tarancón, A.; Bagán, H.; García, J. F. Analysis of 210Pb in water samples with plastic scintillation resins. Analytica Chimica Acta 940 p. 38 -45 (2016). 
  • Sessa, C., Jiménez de Garnica R,. Rosi, F., Fontana R., Garcia, J.F. A Study of Picasso's painting materials and techniques in six of his Early portraits. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 55, p.198 - 216 (2016). 
  • Marin,E.; Padro, A.; Miquel,A.and Garcia J.F. Characterization of paintings by Laser Ablation- Inductively Coupled Plasma- Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Letters 48, p.178-190 (2015) .
  • Marín, E.; Sistach, M.C.; Jiménez, J.; Clemente, M.; Garcia, G.; García, J.F. Distribution of acidity and alkalinity on degraded manuscripts containing iron gall ink. Restaurator-International Journal for The Preservation of Library and Archi 36, 3, p.229 -247 (2015). 
  • Sessa, C.; Bagán, H.; Garcia, J.F. Influence of Composition and roughness on the pigment mapping of paintings using mid-infrared fiberoptics reflectance. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2014) DOI: 10.1007/s00216-014-8091-2. 
  • Sessa C.; Bagán, H.; García, J.F. Evaluation of MidIR fibre optic reflectance: detection limit, reproducibility and binary mixture discrimination. Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 115 , p. 617 - 628 (2013). 
  • Vila, A.; Ferrer, N.; García, J.F. Analyzing chemical composition of red pigments and printing inks to characterize and discriminate among modern artistic prints. Analytical Letters 45, 10, p1274-1285 (2012). 
  • Sessa, C.; Vila A.; Garcia, J.F. Determination of detection limits for SEM-EDS and m-FTIR analysis of artwork. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 400, 7, p. 2241 - 2251 (2011). 
  • Vila, A; Ferrer, N.; Garcia, J.F. Characterization of Artists' papers: a step towards their differentiation. Restaurator-International Journal for The Preservation of Library and Archi 31, p.142 – 160 (2010)- 
  • Vila, A.; Ferrer, N.; Garcia, J.F. Chemical composition of contemporary black printing inks based on infrared spectroscopy: basic information for the characterization and discrimination of artistic prints. Analytica Chimica Acta, 591 p. 97 - 105 (2007). 
  • Vila, A.; Jawhari, T.; Garcia, J.F. A non-destructive characterization of stratigraphies in contemporary prints using Micro-Raman Spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 38,10, p.1267 - 1273 (2007). 
  • Vila, A; Ferrer, N.; Garcia, J.F. Colored inks analysis and differentiation: a first step in artistic contemporary prints discrimination. Analytica Chimica Acta, 588, p. 98 - 107 (2007). 
  • Vila, A.; Ferrer, N.; Mantecón, J.; Bretón, D.; Garcia, J.F. Development of a fast and non destructive procedure characterizing and distinguishing original from fake euro notes. Analytica Chimica Acta 559, p.257 - 263 (2006).
  • Oujja, M.; Vila, A.; Rebollar, E.; Garcia, J.F.; Castillejo, M. Identification of inks and structural characterization of contemporary artistic prints by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta Part B-Atomic Spectroscopy 60, p 1140-1148 (2005).
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