WP 1: BACKGROUND. ENP: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE
- to review the literature on the economic and social effects of both the most recent EU enlargement and the ENP with regard to issues like: (1) socio-economic cohesion and regional disparities; (2) intensities of economic interactions: trade linkages, labour migration, capital flows, knowledge flows, and research collaboration; to review the ENP policy framework and its historical development, as a means to offering solid background information for the other work packages; to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the impact of differentiated/incomplete integration on both new member states (NMS) and the neighbouring countries (NCs), with special reference to the sub-national level of regions (NRs both inside and outside the EU) to provide guidelines to the whole project on possible focus countries for in-depth survey and qualitative research
WP 2: TRADE FLOWS AND LOCALISATION CHOICES
- Analysis of the trade patterns between EU and NCs and their possible effects on growth, structural change and cohesion in both areas.
- Analysis of the locational choices of EU mobile investment, the direction and drivers of capital mobility and its effects on the EU new member states and NCs.
- Assessment of the efforts made by domestic and foreign firms to invest in technological and organisational capacities with a special focus on the impact of localised institutional environments.
- Analysis of the spatial intra-country effects of higher levels of trade and investment interaction in both the EU and the NCs areas.
- Discussion of the policy options at the EU level that take into consideration the effects of integration and attempt to increase and spread its benefits on both sides of the external EU borders.
WP 3: PEOPLE MOBILITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL
- Predicting migration flows considering the role of policy and structural issues: The objective of this research is to provide scenarios on migration flows between EU and ENP regions putting special attention to two particular issues: particular migration legislations and policies in the EU; and the international specialization patterns in EU regions.
- Returns to human capital and workers mobility from and to neighbouring regions: will focus on the analysis of spatial differences in the return to human capital as a potential explanatory factor of workers mobility from and to the neighbouring countries.
- Remittances and human capital formation: will explore the factors that account for variation in remittance flows and if remittances contribute to human capital formation in neighbouring countries.
- Entrepreneurship and the mobility of inventors: to explore how schooling and work experience acquired by immigrants in the destination countries can affect economic growth in their sending regions.
- Migration and social capital: to analyse the influence of migration flows and attitudes towards ethnic diversity on social capital formation and thus, on EU regions’ economic growth
- Policy implications: to provide policy suggestions, both for public and private institutions at the European, national and regional levels with respect to the impact of migration flows on human and social capital, and consequently on the economic outcomes of both, receiving and sending regions.
WP 4: TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND INNOVATION DIFFUSION IN THE EU AND INTERACTIONS WITH THE NEIGHBOURING REGIONS
WP 5: INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
- Social capital in ENP countries and regions: focus on the specificities of social capital in Central and Eastern European countries – both those already members of EU (NMS) and those who are included in the ENP framework (including the countries who might apply for membership in possible future enlargement rounds) – which differ remarkably from Western European EU-members. Social capital constitutes one fundamental determinant of innovation, economic growth, and more generally, of activities which may lead to higher prosperity in NCs and NRs, such as inter-firm cooperation, and the formation of communities and networks of people. Differences with respect to levels of social capital in the ENP area as whole will be highlighted through a comparative analysis.
- Cultural diversity, individual values and innovation: analysis of how cultural diversity and individual values may drive creativity and innovation. The main goals are to explore how individual values of people from different cultures which affect their attitudes toward innovation.
- Institutional environment: analysis of the current institutional environments in NCs and NRs in a comparative perspective, focusing in particular on the business climate, labour markets, mechanisms and networks for local governance, and legal and regulatory aspects connected with knowledge creation and innovation diffusion (as detailed below).
- Business culture: identification of the appropriate features of the local business culture which favour economic development based upon a thriving local economy of small and medium sized businesses capable of generating exports to the EU from within the NCs and NRs and to create linkages for knowledge creation and transfer with multinational enterprises.
- Vocational, educational and training (VET) systems: analysis of the capacity – in terms of both quantity and quality – of local educational sectors to generate employee skills needed by foreign investors and local business technological upgrading.
- Local governance: analysis of how the institutions of local governance support local participation in decision making and social cohesion to support endogenous economic growth.
Legal and regulatory framework: identification of the factors that undermine the achievement of a common regulatory basis for the mobility of knowledge, innovation and technology between the EU and the NCs, and to provide knowledge to improve effective policy making at both public and private level.
WP 6: POLICY ISSUES AND RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS: TOWARD AN INTEGRATED ERN POLICY POSTURE
- Pursue research designs that incorporate and build directly upon policy-relevant literatures by conducting concept-based review of research studies that examine broader policy regimes and relate them to empirically-based research in the literature.
- Choose variables, samples and cases most likely to illuminate the policy issues involved in NC.
- Conduct methods of investigation that deploy analyses and measures clearly directed toward policy interpretation.
- Yield specific findings or results that intentionally bear on:
- conventional policy wisdom
- broad understanding of policy issues
- assumptions underlying current or proposed policies
- the institutional apparatus and mechanics of policy-making
- Spend considerable effort within WP task components to:
- seek such policy-relevant findings and draw attention to them
- interpret the findings in light of relevant policy literature(s) reviewed
- prepare policy-briefs and guidelines, using templates supplied by WP6
- offer specific policy inferences, whenever possible
- WP6 will synthesize policy lessons by applying an economic model calibrated for European Union neighbourhood regions and systematically assimilating and collectively assessing policy-relevant findings of the project.
WP 7: DISSEMINATION
WP 8: MANAGEMENT
- To ensure an appropriate management network linking together all the project components and maintaining fluid communication with the Commission project officers.
- To monitor the project progress in order to respect time and resources constraints and, at the same time, to achieve the planned outcomes