
Seminari de Geometria Algebraica 2019/2020 


Conferenciant

Títol 
Data i hora 

Women in Geometry and Topology

25 a 27 de setembre, CRM

Joaquim Roé
UAB

NewtonOkounkov polygons
Since the formalization of NewtonOkounkouv bodies by KavehKhovanski and LazarsfeldMustata
about ten years ago, we have learned a lot about their shape and how it reflects the properties
of varieties and line bundles, espcially concerning cohomology and positivity. After Jow's proof
that the set of all NewtonOkounkov bodies of a given line bundle is a complete numerical
invariant (and local variants of this result) it is natural to ask about this set, for instance,
how do bodies of a given line bundle vary by chosing different flags/valuations? And how can one
extract information about the line bundle from its collection of bodies? I will look at some
well known results on NewtonOkounkov bodies from this point of view, and report on work in
progress with MoyanoFernández, Nickel and Szemberg for the case of surfaces and NewtonOkounkov
polygons.

Divendres 11 d'octubre, 15h10, Aula T2, FMIUB

Irene Spelta
Università di Pavia, Itàlia
Contact:
jcnaranjo at ub.edu

POSPOSAT

Divendres 18 d'octubre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Olivier Martin
U. Chicago  Collège de France
Contact:
jcnaranjo at ub.edu

The degree of irrationality of most abelian surfaces is 4
The degree of irrationality of a complex projective \(n\)dimensional variety \(X\) is the minimal
degree of a dominant rational map from \(X\) to \(n\)dimensional projective space. It is a birational
invariant that measures how far \(X\) is from being rational. Accordingly, one expects the computation
of this invariant in general to be a difficult problem. Alzati and Pirola showed in 1993 that the
degree of irrationality of any abelian \(g\)fold is at least \(g+1\) using inequalities on holomorphic
length. Tokunaga and Yoshihara later proved that this bound in sharp for abelian surfaces and
Yoshihara asked for examples of abelian surfaces with degree of irrationality at least \(4\).
Recently, Chen and Chen, Stapleton showed that the degree of irrationality of any abelian surface
is at most \(4\). In this work I provide the first examples of abelian surfaces with degree of
irrationality \(4\). In fact, I show that most abelian surfaces have degree of irrationality \(4\).
For instance, a very general \((1,d)\)polarized abelian surface has degree of irrationality \(4\) if
\(d\) does not divide \(4\). We will give the complete proof since it is very short and uses nothing
beyond Mumford's theorem on rational equivalences of zerocycles on surfaces with \(p_g>0\).

Divendres 25 d'octubre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Simone Marchesi
UB

Terao's conjecture holds for RUA arrangements
One of the most famous open problems in the topic of hyperplane
arrangements is the so called Terao's conjecture, which states that
the freedom of an arrangement depends on its combinatorics. After giving
an introduction to the problem, we will focus our attention on the
special case of triangular arrangements in the projective
plane, i.e. with all the lines passing through three fixed points. We
prove that the conjecture holds for a central family, calles Roots of
Unity Arrangements, which also provides a counterexample to the
weak conjecture. This is a joint work with Jean Vallès.

Divendres 8 de novembre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Irene Spelta
Università di Pavia, Itàlia
Contact:
jcnaranjo at ub.edu

Infinitely many totally geodesic subvarieties via Galois coverings of Elliptic curves
We will speak about totally geodesic subvarieties of \(\mathcal{A}_{g}\) which are generically
contained in the Torelli locus. ColemanOort conjecture says that for genus \(g\) large
enough such varieties should not exist. Nevertheless if \(g\leq7\) there are examples
obtained as families of Jacobians of Galois coverings of curves \(f:C\to C'\), where
\(C'\) is a smooth curve of genus \(g'\). All of them satisfy a sufficient condition,
which we will denote by (\(\ast\)).
We will describe how strong is the condition (\(\ast\)). First, it gives us a bound on
the genus \(g'\) which we use to say that there are only 6 families of Galois coverings
of curves of \(g'\geq1\) which yield Special subvarieties of \(\mathcal{A}_{g}\).
Then we use (\(\ast\)) again to study the Prym maps of the families described above:
we will prove that they are fibered, via their Prym map, in curves which are totally
geodesic. In this way, we get infinitely many new examples of totally geodesic subvarieties
of \(\mathcal{A}_{2},\ \mathcal{A}_{3}\) and \(\mathcal{A}_{4}\).

Divendres 15 de novembre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Simone Melchiorre Chiarello
U. Geneva, Suïssa
Contact:
eva.miranda at upc.edu

Quasisymplectic reductions and equivariant cohomology
Symplectic reductions provide an elegant framework for the study of moduli spaces.
In particular, Atiyah and Bott in their famous paper "The YangMills equations over Riemann surfaces" proved that the moduli space of
flat unitary connections is a particular symplectic reduction, of an infinitedimensional affine space via an infinitedimensional group.
This gives good information about the cohomology of such moduli spaces, thanks to Kirwan's surjectivity theorem.
However, when we try to display the same moduli space via finitedimensional manifolds, we fall into the domain of quasisymplectic reductions.
I will talk about the issues which arise in this setting, which are closely related to higher algebraic structures on equivariant cohomology.
This exposes a work in progress with A. Alekseev.

Divendres 22 de novembre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Francesc Planas
UPC

Noetherian rings of low global dimension and syzygetic prime ideals
In this talk we present some recent work on Noetherian rings of low global dimension Concretely, let \(R\) be a
Noetherian ring. We prove that \(R\) has global dimension at most two if, and only if, every prime ideal of \(R\) is of linear
type. Similarly, one proves that \(R\) has global dimension at most three if, and only if, every prime ideal of \(R\) is syzygetic. As a
consequence, one derives a characterization of these rings using the AndréQuillen homology. The extension of this result to the
nonNoetherian setting is an open question by now.

Divendres 29 de novembre, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Xevi Guitart
UB

Endomorphism algebras of geometrically split abelian surfaces over \(\mathbb{Q}\)
An abelian surface defined over the rationals is said to be geometrically split if its base change
to the complex numbers is isogenous to a product of elliptic curves. The aim of the talk is to explain
the computation of all possible endomorphism algebras of geometrically split abelian surfaces defined
over \(\mathbb{Q}\). This is joint work with Francesc Fité.
slides

Divendres 10 de gener, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Roberta di Gennaro
U. Napoli Federico II, Itàlia
Contact:
miro at ub.edu

Line arrangements and Lefschetz properties
In (Di Gennaro, Ilardi, Valles, 2014) and (Di Gennaro, Ilardi, 2018), the relationship between line arrangements such
that the logarithmic bundle has not balanced splitting on a general line and suitable ideals of power of linear forms
failing the Strong Lefschetz Property at range 2 is highlighted.
Here, we explain these relation and generalize it to ideals failing SLP at any range \(k\), by introducing the socalled
generalized logarihtmic bundle.
We are also interested in the relation with the unexpected curves (Cook, Harbourne, Migliore, Nagel, 2017) and in suitable examples.

Divendres 17 de gener, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Kolja Knauer
UB

The Ehrhart polynomial of a lattice path matroid
Lattice path matroids are very nice and manageable matroids,
that form a special class of matroids.
The base polytope of a matroid is the convex hull of the incidence vectors of
its bases and the Ehrhart polynomial is a polynomial associated to any integer polytope.
It counts the integer points in a certain way.
In this talk we will discuss several open questions about the Ehrhart polynomial
and their specialization to base polytopes of lattice path matroids.
Many of our results rely on the distributive lattice structure carried by the bases
of a lattice path matroid  a property shared by positroids.
Joint with Leoardo Martinez Sandoval and Jorge Ramirez Alfonsin.
slides

Divendres 7 de febrer, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Ignacio García Marco
U. de la Laguna, Tenerife.
Contact:
kolja.knauer at lislab.fr

Lower Bounds by Birkhoff Interpolation
This talk deals with the problem of obtaining lower bounds for the representation of a univariate polynomial
\(f \in \mathbb{R}[x]\) of degree \(d\) under the form:
\( f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\ell} \alpha_i (x+a_i)^{e_i}, \)
where the \(\alpha_i, a_i\) are real constants and the exponents \(e_i\) nonnegative integers.
More precisely, we give families of polynomials such that the number \(\ell\) of terms required in such a
representation must be at least of order \(d\). This is clearly optimal up to a constant factor.
Previous lower bounds for this problem were only of order \(\Omega(\sqrt{d})\).
Our lower bound results are specific to polynomials with real coefficients.
It would be interesting to obtain similar lower bounds for other fields, e.g., finite fields or the field of complex numbers.
In order to obtain our results we relate our problem with one of Birkhoff interpolation and then we apply
some wellknown results in real Birkhoff interpolation.
Finally, we will discuss the relation of this problem with an algebraic version of the \(\mathcal{P}\) vs. \(\mathcal{NP}\) problem.
This is a joint work with Pascal Koiran and Timothée Pecatte.
slides

Divendres 14 de febrer, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

András Lőrincz
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig.
Contact:
josep.alvarez at upc.es

Local cohomology modules on a class of representations
Let \(X\) be an irreducible representation of a reductive group \(G\) that has finitely many orbits.
In this talk I will discuss results on local cohomology modules on \(X\) supported in orbit closures,
by describing their explicit \(D\)module and \(G\)module structures. The approach is through the study of the category of \(G\)equivariant \(D\)modules on \(X\),
which has a quiver description. Other applications include Lyubeznik numbers and intersection cohomology groups of orbit closures.

Divendres 21 de febrer, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Ana Peón Nieto
UPC

Equality of the wobbly and shaky loci
The geometric Langlands correspondence (GLC) generalises the fact that a rank one local system on a smooth
projective curve uniquely extends to its Jacobian. According to the GLC, local systems of rank \(n\) should produce
\(D\)modules on the moduli space of \(\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{C})\)bundles.
DonagiPantev devised a programme aiming at deducing the GLC from the rank one case using the non abelian Hodge correspondence and Higgs bundles.
This requires, as a first step, to understand the resolution of a rational map. In this talk I will explain a joint result with Christian Pauly,
and the applicability of the ideas therein towards the proof of a conjecture by Donagi and Pantev, according to which the indeterminacy locus of
the aforementioned rational map can be described in terms of wobbly bundles (namely, bundles with non zero nilpotent Higgs fields).

Divendres 28 de febrer, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Dan Agüero
IMPA, Brasil.
Contact:
rubio at mat.uab.cat

New invariants and splitting theorem for Complex Dirac structures
In this talk, we start by recalling through several examples some basic concepts of generalized geometry.
Then we move to the study of complex Dirac structures. We introduce a new invariant, the order and redefine
the previously known invariant: the type. Finally we prove a splitting theorem for complex Dirac structures
which gives a local description of these objects in terms of the previously introduced invariants.

Divendres 6 de març, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Makoto Enokizono
Tokyo U. of Science, Japó.
Contact:
miguel.angel.barja at upc.edu

CANCEL·LAT – Covid19
Slope inequality for fibered surfaces and Durfee's conjecture for surface singularities
In 1978, A. H. Durfee conjectured that the signature of the Milnor fiber of a smoothing of a normal surface singularity is always negative.
In this talk, I will explain that this conjecture holds true for twodimensional isolated complete intersection singularities
as an application of the slope inequality for certain fibered surfaces.
The first half of the talk is dedicated to the introduction of the slope inequality of fibered surfaces and Durfee's conjecture.
In the second half of the talk, I will explain the strategy of the proof of the main theorem and
some conjecture (higher dimensional analogue of the slope inequality, Durfee's conjecture and so on).

Divendres 13 de març, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Maxim Braverman
Northeastern U., EEUU
Contact:
eva.miranda at upc.edu

CANCEL·LAT – Covid19
Geometric quantization of noncompact and bsymplectic manifolds
We introduce a method of geometric quantization for of noncompact symplectic manifolds in terms of the index of an AtiyahPatodiSinger (APS)
boundary value problem. We then apply it to a class of compact manifolds with singular symplectic structure, called bsymplectic manifolds.
We show further that bsymplectic manifolds have canonical Spinc structures in the usual sense, and that the APS index above coincides
with the index of the Spinc Dirac operator. We show that if the manifold is endowed with a Hamiltonian action of a compact connected Lie
group with nonzero modular weights, then this method satisfies the GuilleminSternberg "quantization commutes with reduction" property.
In particular our quantization coincides with the formal quantization defined by Guillemin, Miranda and Weitsman, providing a positive
answer to a question posed in their paper.

Divendres 20 de març, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Hanine Awada, Montpeller.
Benoît Cadorel, Nancy.
Carlos D'Andrea, Barcelona.
Andreas Hoering, Niça.
Henri Guenancia, Toulouse.
Jorge Pereira, IMPA.

CANCEL·LAT – Covid19
SMGA 6 
2526 de març, Montpeller.

Carolina Benedetti
U. de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.
Contact:
kolja.knauer at lislab.fr

CANCEL·LAT – Covid19

Divendres 27 de març, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Nuno Romão
U. Göttingen, Alemanya.
Contact:
eva.miranda at upc.edu

TBA

Divendres 8 de maig, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB

Lawrence Ein
U. Illinois at Chicago, EEUU.
Contact:
marta.casanellas at upc.edu

TBA

Divendres 22 de maig, 15h00, Aula T2, FMIUB


