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Gender diversity, masculinity and culture in Spain, Argentina and Mexico

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Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia
Research projects
Principal Investigator(s)
Rafael M. Mérida Jiménez
(ADHUC–Universitat de Lleida)
Research Team
Juan Vicente Aliaga
(Universitat Politècnica de València)
Antonio Caballero Gálvez
(Universitat Rovira i Virgili)
Estrella Díaz Fernández
(ADHUC-Centre de Recerca Teoria, Gènere, Sexualitat)
José Antonio Frías Montoya
(Universidad de Salamanca)
Raúl García Sánchez
(Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro)
Humberto Guerra
(Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco)
Dieter Ingenschay
(Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)
Santiago Joaquín Insausti
(Conicet-Universidad de Buenos Aires)
Mauricio List
(Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
Elena Madrigal Rodríguez
(El Colegio de México)
José Maristany
(Universidad Nacional de La Pampa)
Alfredo Martínez-Expósito
(University of Melbourne)
Alberto Mira
(Oxford Brookes University)
Jorge Luis Peralta
(Universidad Nacional de la Pampa)
José Antonio Ramos Arteaga
(Universidad de La Laguna)
Leticia Romero Chumacero
(Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México-Cuautepec)
Lukasz Smuga
(Uniwersytet Wroclawski)
Predoctoral research staff in training
Jorge Carrillo Flores
(ADHUC–Universidad de Guadalajara/Universitat de Lleida)
Carmen Medina Puerta
(ADHUC–Universitat de Lleida)
Guillermo Manuel Corral Manzano
(UNAM/Universitat de Barcelona)

This project will carry out research on masculinity by studying its representations in literature, art and cinema in Spain, Argentina and Mexico (especially from 1970 onwards) created by lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transsexuals and transgender persons. It will examine a wide range of artists: unquestionable referents in Spanish and Latin American cultures of the past decades alongside younger authors whose work, nonetheless, has achieved outstanding international projection, in order to deepen our understanding of the individual and collective, geographical and generational evolution of the transformation of traditional models of normative masculinity. Although the cultural interrelations among Spanish-speaking countries over the last decades may seem obvious, it is necessary to underscore that the common linguistic framework does not suggest, a priori, that the cultural productions of Spain, Argentina and Mexico are parallel cases; one of the complementary objectives will be to analyze the similarities and differences between these three states.


For further information please visit the project's website.



1 To explore the cultural representations of "sexual minorities" (lesbian, gay, transgender and transsexual) by the analysis of masculinity in the artistic production of renowned Spanish and Latin American artists of different generations, within a corpus defined by specific criteria.

2 To analyze if these representations can be considered faithful reflections or counter-discourses of hegemonic masculinity of the period in question, in this particular cultural landscape, and their linguistic characteristics.

3 To assess the value of adopting artistic production as a reliable marker of the cultural changes that take place in Spain, Argentina and Mexico, and to investigate why they are different.

4 To appraise critically the meaning and evolution of literary, artistic and audiovisual productions dealing with sexual diversity and masculinity in Hispanic cultures.


Photo: © Jesús Martínez Oliva, Camuflaje (42x29, Photo collage, 1995)