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Memories of Dissident Masculinities in Spain and Spanish America

Foto: © Raúl García Sangrador, Ensayo anatómico, oli sobre tela, 100 x 150 cm, 2009
Data de inici
Data de finalització
Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades / Agencia Estatal de Investigación - MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033
Convocatoria 2019 de “Proyectos I+D+i” en el marco del Programa Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento
Research projects
Principal Investigator(s)
Rafael M. Mérida Jiménez
(ADHUC–Universitat de Lleida)
Research Team
Juan Vicente Aliaga
(Universitat Politècnica de València)
Enrique Álvarez
(Florida State University)
César Cañedo
Estrella Díaz Fernández
(ADHUC-Centre de Recerca Teoria, Gènere, Sexualitat)
Javier Fernández Galeano
(Wesleyan University)
Josep-Anton Fernàndez Montoliu
(Universitat Oberta de Catalunya)
Francisco J. García Ramos
(Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
Raúl García Sánchez
(Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro)
Humberto Guerra
(Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco)
Geoffroy Huard
(CY Cergy Paris Université)
Dieter Ingenschay
(Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)
Santiago Joaquín Insausti
(Conicet-Universidad de Buenos Aires)
Mauricio List
(Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
José J. Maristany
(UN de La Pampa-UN de San Martín)
Alfredo Martínez Expósito
(University of Melbourne)
Jesús Martínez Oliva
(Universidad de Murcia)
Manuel Méndez
(Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)
Alberto Mira
(Oxford Brookes University)
Jorge Luis Peralta
(ADHUC-Centre de Recerca Teoria, Gènere, Sexualitat)
José Antonio Ramos Arteaga
(Universidad de La Laguna)
Patricio Simonetto
(University College London)
Lukasz Smuga
(Uniwersytet Wroclawski)
Saúl Villegas
(Universidad Veracruzana)
Francisco A. Zurián Hernández
(Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

This project aims to carry out research about works either explicitly or implicitly "autobiographical" around the construction of masculinity by people who manifest their sexual and/or gender dissidence. The corpus focuses particularly on literary, artistic and audiovisual works created in Spain and Spanish America throughout the 20th century and into our day. 

With this goal in mind, a large number of creators and creations will be delimited and analysed so that the individual and collective, geographical and generational evolution of "non-normative masculinity" can be considered in depth. One of the secondary goals will be to analyse similarities and differences between Spain and Spanish America based on a wide-ranging typology of "egodocuments", including interviews, chronicles, letters, paintings, films, or autobiographical fictions, among others. 

Thus, from an interdisciplinary and comparative approach, this project links the spheres of historical evolution and artistic-literary production in order to consider whether self-representations by these minorities can be considered to represent projections of the profound changes in contemporary masculinities. 



1.- To create a catalogue-database of those "writings and images of the self" created, throughout the 20th and 21st centuries in Spain and Spanish America, by people who have manifested their sexual or gender dissidence and, more specifically, by people who were registered as "male" at birth (and who were raised accordingly, following those social roles traditionally opposed to those of "female"). 

2.- To analyse this corpus with a multi and interdisciplinary methodology in cultural studies, which includes theories and methodologies within literary studies, plastic arts and audiovisual communication to gender studies, history and anthropology studies about masculinities, such as feminist, gay, trans and queer studies. To investigate cultural "ego-representations" of "sexual minorities" (and their evolution through the last century) via an analysis of artistic production by Spanish and Spanish American creators. 

3.-  To analyse multidisciplinarily whether such representations can be fully considered as subscribing to or subverting hegemonic masculinity in this period and within his vast cultural geography. To study the "writings and images of the self" in relation to creation in both high culture and folklore, including the accounts of "life stories" from social sciences. 

4.- To consider whether the adoption of cultural creation can be a reliable indicator of the profound changes witnessed during this period in Spain and Spanish America, privileging notions which lay the foundations of our societies, such as temporality and spaciality, identity and memory, health and disease, repression and resistance, stigma and pride, violence or power.