An archaeological experiment and new knowledge about the chipped stone industry from Vinča culture. Vera Bogosavljevic

published: 23 Oct 2015  |  
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  • SESSION 4 - Use-wear analyses - signs of usage on stone tools (a.k.a. traceology)
    An archaeological experiment and new knowledge about the chipped stone industry from Vinča culture.

    The first concrete data from this archaeological experiment came from the comparison of the flakes and blades from the archaeological assemblage of Vinča - Belo Brdo with the replicas produced within the experiment. This involved adhering to the quality of lithic raw materials and the technique of soft hammer percussion, obtaining the first 16 kg of grain from a sown area of 56 m2, determination of the time of establishing the first traces from the harvest (after 3 hours) until the appearance of the first gloss (between 7 and 8 hours of active use) as well as the projection of the land area in the surroundings of settlements for feeding an average family.

    Making of sickle replicas contributed to more precise determination of the time and efforts necessary for the production of tools from different raw materials, the duration of potential usage of composite tools and the process of sickle insert renewal. The amount of raw material required by an average family per season was quantified based on the approximate area of land and the quantity of cereal necessary for a household in Vinča settlements.

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