News
Home  >  News > Hepatitis B vaccination in preadolescents lowered the disease incidence rate...

Hepatitis B vaccination in preadolescents lowered the disease incidence rate in Catalonia

The study counts on the participation of experts from the Research Group on Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases of the UB, the Public Health Agency of Catalonia and the Barcelona Public Health Agency, led by Professor Àngela Domínguez, from the Department of Medicine of the UB.

The study counts on the participation of experts from the Research Group on Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases of the UB, the Public Health Agency of Catalonia and the Barcelona Public Health Agency, led by Professor Àngela Domínguez, from the Department of Medicine of the UB.

13/03/2019

Recerca

Introducing Hepatitis B vaccine in preadolescents meant a decline in the disease incidence rate by 52 % according to a study in which the University of Barcelona (UB) took part. The study analysed the efficiency and impact of the vaccination program set in Catalonia twenty-one years ago. The results show that after introducing the program, the incidence rate in general population went from 2.5 per 100,000 people in 1991 to 1.2 per 100,000 people in 2014.

The study, published in the scientific journal Vaccine, counts on the participation of experts from the Research Group on Epidemiology, Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases of the UB, the Public Health Agency of Catalonia and the Barcelona Public Health Agency, led by Professor Àngela Domínguez, from the Department of Medicine of the UB and the Epidemiology and Public Health Networking Biomedical Research Centre (CIBERESP, Institute of Health Carlos III).

Hepatitis B is a globally important viral disease due its morbidity, mortality and high chronicity in children. Chronicity increases the risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, and patients with a chronic disease are permanent transmitters of the virus. In 1991, systematic vaccination for Hepatitis B was introduced in Catalonia in preadolescents. “So far, only risk groups were vaccinated, such as those working in the health sector or haemophiliac and haemodialytic patients. However, this type of vaccination was not enough to reduce the incidence”, note the researchers.

An efficient program

Researchers studied retrospectively vaccinated and non-vaccinated cohorts, chosen according to their year of birth, as well as cases of Hepatitis B between 2000 and 2014 that were registered by the Sub-Directorate General for Epidemiological Surveillance and Public Health Emergency Response of the Public Health Agency of Catalonia. During that period, they notified about 388 cases of Hepatitis B infection, 232 in the non-vaccinated cohort and 156 in the vaccinated cohort.

The incidence rate was 4.1 per 100,000 people per year in the non-vaccinated group and 0.03 per 100,000 people per year in the vaccinated group. Therefore, the efficiency of the program was 99.30 % and the associated benefit to estimate the prevented fraction was of 64.56 %. According to the researchers, these results show that “efficiency and impact of the vaccination program for Hepatitis B in preadolescents are high, benefiting the community”.

Vaccination in preadolescents was suspended in July 2014, when the first kids who had been vaccinated as children (vaccinated in 2002, aged one) reached preadolescence, so they did not need the vaccine again.

Reference article:

Eva Borràs, Luis Urbiztondo, Glòria Carmona, Mireia Jané, Irene Barrabeig, M.ª Rosa Sala, J. P. Jorgina Balañà, Maria Company, Ignasi Parrón, Pere Godoy, Cristina Rius, Núria Soldevila, Carmen Cabezas, Àngela Domínguez, the Working Group for the Study of Hepatitis B in Catalonia. “Effectiveness and impact of the hepatitis B vaccination program in preadolescents in Catalonia 21 years after its introduction”. Vaccine, February 2019. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.01.024

Share this at:
| More |

Related information

  • Follow us:
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Facebook profile
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Twitter profile
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Instagram profile
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Linkedin profile
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Youtube profile
  • Button to access University of Barcelona's Google+ profile
  • ??? peu.flickr.alt ???
Member of International recognition of excellence HR Excellence in Research logo del leru - League of European Research Universities logo del bkc - campus excel·lència logo del health universitat de barcelona campus

© Universitat de Barcelona