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Individualism and Modernity


The subject of individualism continues to generate doubts and suspicions. However, its emergence in the period between the 19th and the 20th century makes it a central theme for the study of the last productions of Modernity, which requires a critical approach using the appropriate instruments. We will examine a range of literary and artistic works through a filter based on the opposition between individualism and collectivism.


Course: Individualism and Modernity
Code: 569567
Lenght: 05/02/2024- 06/05/2024
Credits: 6
More info:

What Do We Study

A first theoretical part will serve to establish the dialectic between the reasons of the self and the instances of the community,  as well as to see how a model of literary criticism can be constructed on the basis of this opposition. In the second part of the course, this formula will be applied to a series of literary texts from different genres (poetry, narrative and theatre).



Which is the Line of Thought

Semiotic critique applied to the individual/collectivity tension with a special emphasis on libertarian claims.

Theoretical and Practical Approaches

Calinescu, Matei. Cinco caras de la modernidad : modernismo, vanguardia, decadencia, kitsch, posmodernismo. Tecnos-Alianza, 2003.

Freud, Sigmund. Los chistes y su relación con el inconsciente. Alianza, 1990.

Laurent, Alain. De l'individualisme. Presses Universitaires de France, 1985.

Lipovetski, Gilles. La era del vacío. Ensayos sobre el individualismo contemporáneo. Barcelona, Anagrama, 2003 [L'ère du vide. Essais sur l'individualisme contemporain, 1983]

Lukes, Steven. El individualismo. Península, 1975.

Orlando, Francesco. Per una teoria freudiana della literatura. Einaudi, 1987.

Stirner, Max. L'Únic i la seva propietat. Laia, 1985.

Volpi, Franco. El nihilisme. Biblos, 2005.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Investigacions filosòfiques. Eds. 62, 1997.