Traditionally, the titles of documents in English are given maximal capitalisation. That is to say, capitalise the first word and all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs. Do not capitalise articles, conjunctions or prepositions.

Exemple correcte The Strategic Plan for Teaching and Learning

However, the first word of a subtitle after a colon is generally capitalised, whatever part of speech it may be (see also Other uses in the section on punctuation).

Exemple correcte Strategic Planning: An Approach to the Future

Remember, too, that when writing individual titles you can often exercise a certain amount of personal judgement. A short title, for example, may look better if words that are often lowercased are capitalised.

Exemple correcte All About Erasmus

In the headings of document sections, however, use sentence-style capitalisation (first word and proper nouns) instead of title-style capitalisation (first word and all nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs), although the exact style will also depend on the number of levels of hierarchy. Capitalise the first letter of the first word, but lowercase the rest, including the first word after a colon (except for those words that would normally be capitalised in running text).

Exemple correcte Teaching vision

Exemple correcte Strategic goals: a necessary evil

Exemple correcte Core teaching values and the Dublin Declaration

The first element of a compound word is always capitalised in a title; the second element is also capitalised unless it is an article, a preposition or a coordinating conjunction.

Exemple correcte The Role of Computer-Assisted Translation in the Internationalisation of European Universities

Exemple correcte Greater European Integration Gets the Thumbs-up from Catalan-Speaking University Students

Second elements that are hyphenated to prefixes are capitalised only if they are proper nouns.

Exemple correcte Competencies: A Comparison between Pre- and Post-Erasmus Students

Exemple correcte Post-examination Opening Times for University Libraries


Capitalise and set in italics the titles of all sorts of published works (books, theses, audiovisual material, journals, paintings, etc.).

Exemple correcte the book Landscapes: A Guide to University Architecture

Exemple correcte the thesis Fabrication of Bulk and Interdigitated Solar Cells

Exemple correcte the film American Beauty

Exemple correcte the Pink Floyd album Dark Side of the Moon

Exemple correcte the journal Analytical Chemistry

Exemple correcte the Dalí painting The Persistence of Memory

Exemple correcte Harold Pinter’s play The Birthday Party

However, only capitalise the first word of the titles of articles, chapters and other sections of a publication, and enclose them in inverted commas.

Exemple correcte The research group wrote the article entitled “The dynamics of charge carriers.

Exemple correcte Before the next class, please read the chapter “Revising prose structure and style.

For other issues of use of italics, see the explanation about the titles of books, journals and other publications in Italics, in the section on spelling).
Darrera actualització: 17-11-2021
Impressió del capítol | Impressió de la pàgina
Recommended citation:
«Titles» [en línia]. A: Llibre d’estil de la Universitat de Barcelona. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona. Serveis Lingüístics. <http://www.ub.edu/cub/criteri.php?id=2336> [consulta: 16 maig 2022].