Germà Bel

FULL PROFESSOR (CATEDRÀTIC)

 

Research interests:

Public sector reform, privatization & regulation, infrastructure and transportation, local public services, environmental policy

Recent publications (peer reviewed), since 2020:

Hansen, G.E., G. Bel & O.H. Petersen. Forthcoming. The unequal distribution of consequences of contracting out: Female, low-skilled, and young workers pay the highest price. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Forthcoming

Gasulla, O., G. Bel & F.A. Mazaira-Font. Forthcoming. Ideology, political polarization, and agility of policy responses: Was weak executive federalism a curse or a blessing for COVID-19 management in the US? Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society. Forthcoming doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsac033

Bel, G., I. Bischoff, S. Blaka, M. Casulla, J. Lysek, P. Swianiewicz, A. Tavares & B. Voorn. Forthcoming. Styles of Inter-municipal Cooperation and the Multiple Principal Problem: A Comparative Analysis of European Economic Area Countries. Local Government Studies. Forthcoming doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2022.2041416

Albalate, D., G. Bel & J. Rosell. Forthcoming. An evaluation of optimal scale and jurisdiction size to improve efficiency in metropolitan bus systems. Research in Transportation Business & Management. Forthcoming. doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100822

Elston, T. & G. Bel. Forthcoming. Does inter-municipal collaboration improve public service resilience? Evidence from local authorities in England. Public Management Review. doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2021.2012377

Albalate, D., G. Bel, G. & F.A. Mazaira-Font. Forthcoming. Dynamics of intergroup conflict and attitudes towards outgroup members: Evidence from terrorist and secession conflicts. Politics, Groups and Identities. Forthcoming. doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2022.2051570

Bel, G. Forthcoming. Beyond government size: Types of government intervention and corruption. Regulation & Governance, forthcoming doi.org/10.1111/rego.12399

Albalate, D., G. Bel & F. A. Mazaira-Font. 2022. Geography and regional economic growth: The high cost of deviating from Nature. Journal of Regional Science 62(2), 360-388. doi.org/10.1111/jors.12568

Albalate, D., G. Bel & A. Gragera. 2022. Mobility, Environment, and Inequalities in the Post-COVID City.  Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society, 15(3) Forthcoming. doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsac021

Bel, G. & A. Belerdas-Castro. 2022. Provision and production reform of urban fire services: Privatization, cooperation and costs. Public Management Review, 24(9), 1331-1354. Doi.org/ 10.1080/14719037.2021.1886317

Bel, G., S. Joseph & F.A. Mazaira-Font. 2022. The effects of moratoriums on hotel building: An anti-tourism measure, or rather protection for local incumbents? Applied Economics Letters 29(14), 1319-1224.. doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2021.1927958

Albalate, D., G. Bel & E. Reeves. 2022. Are we there yet? Understanding the implementation of re-municipalization decisions and their duration. Public Management Review 24(6), 951-974. doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2021.1877795

Bel, G., M. Esteve, J.C. Garrido, J.L. Zafra-Gómez. 2022. Determinants of the costs of corporatisation: analysing the effects of the forms of governance. Public Administration 100(2), 232-249. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12713

Albalate, D., G. Bel, F. González-Gómez & A. J. Picazo-Tadeo, 2022. Legislative reforms and market dynamics in the provision of urban water service by private contract operators in Spain. Utilities Policy 74 (101302) doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2021.101302

Albalate, D., G. Bel, F. González-Gómez & A.J. Picazo-Tadeo. 2022. Contract renewal in urban water services: Does the incumbent compete at an advantage? Public Administration Review 82(2), 314-324. doi.org/10.1111/puar.13282

Bel, G. & M. Esteve. 2022. Resilient Managed Competition during Pandemics: Lessons from the Italian experience. Health Economics, Policy and Law 17(2): 220-223 doi.org/10.1017/S1744133120000365

Bel, G., O. Gasulla & F. A. Mazaira-Font. 2021. The effect of health and economic costs on governments’ policy responses to COVID-19 crisis under incomplete information. Public Administration Review, 81(6), 1131-1146. doi.org/10.1111/puar.13394

Albalate, D., G. Bel & F.A. Mazaira-Font. 2021. Decoupling Synthetic Control Methods to ensure stability, accuracy and meaningfulness. SERIES, Journal of the Spanish Economic Association 12(4), 549-584 doi.org/10.1007/s13209-021-00242-8

Albalate, D. & G. Bel. 2021. Politicians, bureaucrats and the public–private choice in public service delivery: Anybody there pushing for remunicipalization? Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 24(3), 361-379  doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2019.1685385

Albalate, D., G. Bel & E. Reeves. 2021. Government choice between contract termination and contract expiration in re-municipalization: A case of historical recurrence? International Review of Administrative Sciences. 87(3) 461–479, doi.org/10.1177/00208523211002608

Albalate, D., G. Bel, R. Gradus & E. Reeves. 2021. Re-municipalization of Local Public Services: Incidence, Causes and Prospects. International Review of Administrative Sciences 87(3) 419–424 doi.org/10.1177/00208523211006455

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2021. Watch your neighbor: Strategic competition in waste collection and service quality. Waste Management, 127, 63-71. doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.04.032

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2021. Does inter-municipal cooperation really reduce delivery costs? an empirical evaluation of the role of scale economies, transaction costs, and governance arrangements. Urban Affairs Review, 57(1), 153-188. doi.org/10.1177/1078087419839492

Clifton, J., M. Warner, R. Gradus, & G. Bel. 2021. Re-municipalization of public services: Trend or hype? Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 24(3), 293-304 doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2019.1691344

Albalate, D. & G. Bel. 2020. Do government formation deadlocks really damage economic growth? Evidence from history’s longest period of government formation impasse. Governance, 33(1), 155- 171. doi.org/10.1111/gove.12410

Albalate, D.; G. Bel & R. Geddes. 2020. Do public-private partnership enabling laws increase private investment in transportation infrastructure? Journal of Law & Economics 63(1), 43-70 doi.org/10.1086/706247

Aldag, A.; M. Warner & G. Bel. 2020. It depends on what you share: The elusive cost savings from service sharing. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. 30(2), 275-289. doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muz023

Awan, S; G. Bel & M. Esteve. 2020. Benefits of Public Sector Motivation: An Oasis or a Mirage? Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 30(4), 619-635. doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muaa016

Bel, G. 2020. Public versus private water delivery, remunicipalization and water tariffs. Utilities Policy. 62 (100982), 1-8. doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2019.100982

Bel, G. & M. Esteve. 2020. Is Private Production of Hospital Services Cheaper than Public Production? A Meta-Regression of Public versus Private Costs and Efficiency for Hospitals. International Public Management Journal, 23(1), 1-24. doi.org/10.1080/10967494.2019.1622613

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2020. Waste management reform: Introducing and enhancing competition to improve service delivery. Waste Management, 118, 637-646. doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.09.020

Bel, G. & J. Teixidó. 2020. The Political Economy of the Paris Agreement. Income Inequality and Climate Policy. Journal of Cleaner Production 258(121002), 1-13 doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121002

Mele, V., M. Esteve, S. Lee, G. Bel, G. Cappellaro, N. Petrovsky & S. Ospina. 2020. Enhancing methodological reporting in Public Administration: The functional equivalents framework. American Review of Public Administration, 50(8), 811-824 https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074020933010

 

Germà Bel

Articles (peer reviewed journals – full list)

Gasulla, O., G. Bel & F.A. Mazaira-Font. Forthcoming. Ideology, political polarization, and agility of policy responses: Was weak executive federalism a curse or a blessing for COVID-19 management in the US? Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society. Forthcoming

Bel, G. Forthcoming. Beyond government size: Types of government intervention and corruption. Regulation & Governance, forthcoming doi.org/10.1111/rego.12399

Albalate, D., G. Bel & A. Gragera. Mobility, Environment, and Inequalities in the Post-COVID City.  Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society. Forthcoming.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & J. Rosell. Forthcoming. An evaluation of optimal scale and jurisdiction size to improve efficiency in metropolitan bus systems. Research in Transportation Business & Management. Forthcoming. doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100822

Elston, T. & G. Bel. Forthcoming. Does inter-municipal collaboration improve public service resilience? Evidence from local authorities in England. Public Management Review. doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2021.2012377

Albalate, D., G. Bel, G. & F.A. Mazaira-Font. Forthcoming. Dynamics of intergroup conflict and attitudes towards outgroup members: Evidence from terrorist and secession conflicts. Politics, Groups and Identities. Forthcoming. doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2022.2051570

Albalate, D., G. Bel & F. A. Mazaira-Font. 2022. Geography and regional economic growth: The high cost of deviating from Nature. Journal of Regional Science 62(2), 360-388. doi.org/10.1111/jors.12568

Bel, G. & A. Belerdas-Castro. Forthcoming. Provision and production reform of urban fire services: Privatization, cooperation and costs. Public Management Review, forthcoming. Doi.org/ 10.1080/14719037.2021.1886317

Bel, G., I. Bischoff, S. Blaka, M. Casulla, J. Lysek, P. Swianiewicz, A. Tavares & B. Voorn. Forthcoming. Styles of Inter-municipal Cooperation and the Multiple Principal Problem: A Comparative Analysis of European Economic Area Countries. Local Government Studies. Forthcoming doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2022.2041416

Bel, G., S. Joseph & F.A. Mazaira-Font. Forthcoming. The effects of moratoriums on hotel building: An anti-tourism measure, or rather protection for local incumbents? Applied Economics Letters forthcoming. doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2021.1927958

Albalate, D., G. Bel & E. Reeves. 2022. Are we there yet? Understanding the implementation of re-municipalization decisions and their duration. Public Management Review 24(6), 951-974. doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2021.1877795

Bel, G., M. Esteve, J.C. Garrido, J.L. Zafra-Gómez. 2022. Determinants of the costs of corporatisation: analysing the effects of the forms of governance. Public Administration 100(2), 232-249. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12713

Albalate, D., G. Bel, F. González-Gómez & A. J. Picazo-Tadeo, 2022. Legislative reforms and market dynamics in the provision of urban water service by private contract operators in Spain. Utilities Policy 74 (101302) doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2021.101302

Albalate, D., G. Bel, F. González-Gómez & A.J. Picazo-Tadeo. 2022. Contract renewal in urban water services: Does the incumbent compete at an advantage? Public Administration Review 82(2), 314-324. doi.org/10.1111/puar.13282

Bel, G. & M. Esteve. 2022. Resilient Managed Competition during Pandemics: Lessons from the Italian experience. Health Economics, Policy and Law 17(2): 220-223 doi.org/10.1017/S1744133120000365

Bel, G., O. Gasulla & F. A. Mazaira-Font. 2021. The effect of health and economic costs on governments' policy responses to COVID-19 crisis under incomplete information. Public Administration Review, 81(6), 1131-1146. doi.org/10.1111/puar.13394

Albalate, D., G. Bel & F.A. Mazaira-Font. 2021. Decoupling Synthetic Control Methods to ensure stability, accuracy and meaningfulness. SERIES, Journal of the Spanish Economic Association 12(4), 549-584 doi.org/10.1007/s13209-021-00242-8

Albalate, D. & G. Bel. 2021. Politicians, bureaucrats and the public–private choice in public service delivery: Anybody there pushing for remunicipalization? Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 24(3), 361-379  doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2019.1685385

Albalate, D., G. Bel & E. Reeves. 2021. Government choice between contract termination and contract expiration in re-municipalization: A case of historical recurrence? International Review of Administrative Sciences. 87(3) 461–479, doi.org/10.1177/00208523211002608

Albalate, D., G. Bel, R. Gradus & E. Reeves. 2021. Re-municipalization of Local Public Services: Incidence, Causes and Prospects. International Review of Administrative Sciences 87(3) 419–424 doi.org/10.1177/00208523211006455

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2021. Watch your neighbor: Strategic competition in waste collection and service quality. Waste Management, 127, 63-71. doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.04.032

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2021. Does inter-municipal cooperation really reduce delivery costs? an empirical evaluation of the role of scale economies, transaction costs, and governance arrangements. Urban Affairs Review, 57(1), 153-188. doi.org/10.1177/1078087419839492

Clifton, J., M. Warner, R. Gradus, & G. Bel. 2021. Re-municipalization of public services: Trend or hype? Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 24(3), 293-304 doi.org/10.1080/17487870.2019.1691344

Albalate, D. & G. Bel. 2020. Do government formation deadlocks really damage economic growth? Evidence from history’s longest period of government formation impasse. Governance, 33(1), 155- 171. doi.org/10.1111/gove.12410

Albalate, D.; G. Bel & R. Geddes. 2020. Do public-private partnership enabling laws increase private investment in transportation infrastructure? Journal of Law & Economics 63(1), 43-70 doi.org/10.1086/706247

Aldag, A.; M. Warner & G. Bel. 2020. It depends on what you share: The elusive cost savings from service sharing. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. 30(2), 275-289. doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muz023

Awan, S; G. Bel & M. Esteve. 2020. Benefits of Public Sector Motivation: An Oasis or a Mirage? Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 30(4), 619-635. doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muaa016

Bel, G. 2020. Public versus private water delivery, remunicipalization and water tariffs. Utilities Policy. 62 (100982), 1-8. doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2019.100982

Bel, G. & M. Esteve. 2020. Is Private Production of Hospital Services Cheaper than Public Production? A Meta-Regression of Public versus Private Costs and Efficiency for Hospitals. International Public Management Journal, 23(1), 1-24. doi.org/10.1080/10967494.2019.1622613

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. 2020. Waste management reform: Introducing and enhancing competition to improve service delivery. Waste Management, 118, 637-646. doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.09.020

Bel, G. & J. Teixidó. 2020. The Political Economy of the Paris Agreement. Income Inequality and Climate Policy. Journal of Cleaner Production 258(121002), 1-13 doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121002

Mele, V., M. Esteve, S. Lee, G. Bel, G. Cappellaro, N. Petrovsky & S. Ospina. 2020. Enhancing methodological reporting in Public Administration: The functional equivalents framework. American Review of Public Administration, 50(8), 811-824 https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074020933010

Albalate, D., G. Bel & A. Gragera. 2019. Politics, risk, and white elephants in infrastructure PPPs. Utilities Policy, 58, 158-165.

Bel, G., X. Cuadras-Morató & T. Rodon. 2019. Crisis? What Crisis? Economic recovery and support for independence in Catalonia. Regional Science Policy and Practice, 11(5), 833-848.

Bel, G. & R. Gradus. 2018. Privatisation, contracting-out and inter-municipal cooperation: new developments in local public service delivery. Local Government Studies, 44(1), 11-21

Bel, G., R. Hebdon & M. Warner. 2018. Beyond privatisation and cost savings: Alternatives for local government reform. Local Government Studies, 44(2), 173-182

Bel, G. & M. Holst. 2018. Assessing the effects of the Mexican War on Drugs on economic growth: an empirical analysis. Southern Economic Journal, 85(1), 276-303

Bel, G. & M. Holst. 2018. Evaluation of the Impact of Bus Rapid Transit on Air Pollution in Mexico City. Transport Policy, 63, 209-220.

Bel, G. & S. Joseph. 2018. Policy Stringency under the European Union Emission Trading System and its Impact on Technological Change in the Energy Sector. Energy Policy, 117, 434-444

Bel, G. & S. Joseph, 2018. Climate Change Mitigation and the Role of Technological Change: Impact on selected headline targets of Europe's 2020 climate and energy package. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82(3), 3798-3807

Bel, G., R. Raudla, M. Rodrigues & A. Tavares. 2018. These Rules are Made for Spending: Testing and Extending the Law of 1/n. Public Choice, 174(1-2), 41–60

Beria, P., Grimaldi, R., Albalate, D. & Bel, G. 2018. Delusions of success: costs and demand of high- speed rail in Italy and Spain. Transport Policy, 68, 63-79.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & R.R. Geddes, 2017. How Much Vertical Integration? Contractual Choice and Public–Private Partnerships in the United States. Review of Industrial Organization 51(1): 25-42

Albalate, D., G. Bel, F. González-Gómez & A. Picazo-Tadeo, 2017. Weakening political connections by means of regulatory reform: Evidence from contracting out water services in Spain. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 52(2): 211-235.

Bel, G., P. Bel-Piñana & J. Rosell. 2017. Myopic PPPs: Risk allocation and hidden liabilities for taxpayers and users. Utilities Policy, 48: 147-156.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2017. “What have we learnt after three decades of empirical studies on factors driving local privatization?”, Local Government Studies, 43(4): 503-511

Bel, G. & J. Rosell, 2017. “The impact of socioeconomic characteristics on CO2 emissions associated with urban mobility: inequality across individuals”, Energy Economics, 64: 251-261.

Bel, G. & R. Gradus, 2016. Effects of unit-based pricing on household waste collection demand: A meta-regression analysis. Resources and Energy Economics 44: 169-182.

Bel, G. & J. Rosell. 2016. Public and private production in a mixed delivery system: regulation, competition and costs, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 35(3): 533-558.

Bel, G. & M. Warner, 2016. “Factors explaining inter-municipal cooperation in service delivery: A Meta- regression analysis”, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 19 (2): 91-115.

Rouhani, O., R.R. Geddes, O. Gao, & G. Bel. 2016. “Social welfare analysis of investment public- private partnership approaches for transportation projects”, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 88: 86-103.

Rouhani, O., D. Niemeier, H.O. Gao & G. Bel. 2016.” Cost Benefit Analysis of Various California Renewable Portfolio Standard Targets: Is a 33% RPS Optimal?”, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 62: 1122-1132.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & P. Bel-Piñana, 2015. “Tropezando dos veces con la misma piedra: Quiebra de autopistas de peaje y costes para contribuyentes y usuario”, Revista de Economía Aplicada, 23(67), 131-152.

Albalate, D., G. Bel, P. Bel-Piñana & R.R. Geddes, 2015. “Risk mitigation and sharing in motorway PPPs: a comparative policy analysis of alternative approaches”, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 17(5), 481-501.

Albalate, D., G. Bel, X. Fageda, 2015. “Competition and cooperation of High-Speed rail and Air Transportation services in Europe”, Journal of Transport Geography, 42, 166-174.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2015. “When supply travels far beyond demand: Causes of oversupply in Spain’s transport infrastructure”, Transport Policy, 41, 80-89.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & R. Geddes, 2015. ”The Determinants of Public-Private Partnership Contractual Choice in the United States”, Public Money & Management, 35(1), 87-94.

Bel, G., C. Bolancé, M. Guillén & J. Rosell, 2015. The environmental effects of changing speeds limits: A quantile regression approach”, Transportation Research D: Transport and Environment, 36, 76-85.

Bel, G., F. González-Gómez & A. Picazo-Tadeo, 2015. ”Does market concentration affect prices in the urban water industry?” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 33(6), 1546-1565.

Bel, G. & S. Joseph, 2015. “Emissions Abatement: Untangling the Impacts of the EU ETS and the Economic Crisis”, Energy Economics, 49, 531-539.

Bel, G. & M. Warner, 2015. “Inter-municipal cooperation and costs: Expectations and evidence.” Public Administration, 93(1), 52–67.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2014. “Beyond pure public and pure private management models: Partial privatization in the European Airport Industry”, International Public Management Journal, 17(3), 308-327.

Bel, G., T. Brown & M. Warner. 2014. “Mixed and Hybrid Models of Public Service Delivery”, International Public Management Journal, 17(3), 297-307.

Bel, G., X. Fageda & M. Mur, 2014. "Does cooperation reduce service delivery costs? Evidence from residential solid waste services”, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 24(1), 85-107.

Zhong C., G. Bel, & M. Warner, 2014. ”High-Speed Rail accessibility: A comparative analysis of urban access in Los Angeles, San Francisco Bay Area, Madrid and Barcelona”, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research,14 (4), 473-495.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2013. “Joint versus Single Management of Large Transport Infrastructures”, Ocean & Coastal Management, 71, 163-169.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & R. Geddes, 2013. “Recovery risk and labor costs in public-private partnerships: contractual choice in the US water industry”, Local Government Studies, 39(3), 332-351.

Bel, G. T. Brown, & R. Marques. 2013. “Public Private Partnerships: Infrastructure, Transportation, and Local Services,” Local Government Studies, 39(3), 303-311

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2013. “Market power, competition and post-privatization regulation: Evidence from changes in regulation of European airports”, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 16(2), 123- 141

Bel, G., X. Fageda & M. Mur, 2013. “Why do municipalities cooperate to provide local public services? An empirical analysis”, Local Government Studies, 39(3), 435-454

Bel, G., F. González-Gómez & A.J. Picazo-Tadeo, 2013. “The dynamics of privatization and regulation of water services: A comparative study of two Spanish regions”, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 29 (3), 373-384

Bel, G. & J. Rosell, 2013. Effects of the 80 KM•H-1 and variable speed limit on air pollution in the metropolitan area of Barcelona. Transportation Research D: Transport and Environment, 23, 90-97.

Sismanidou, A., J. Tarradellas, G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2013. Estimating potential long-haul air passenger traffic in national networks containing two or more dominant cities. Journal of Transport Geography, 26, 108-116.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2012. “Motorways, tolls and road safety: Evidence from Europe”, SERIEs – Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, 3 (4), 457-473.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2012. “High-Speed Rail: Lessons for Policy Makers from Experiences Abroad”, Public Administration Review, 72(3), 336-349.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2012. “Transport policy and speed limit laws: The role of geography, mobility and ideology”, Transportation Research Part A, 46(2), 337-347

Albalate, D., G. Bel & J. Calzada, 2012. "Governance and regulation of urban bus transportation: Using partial privatization to achieve the best of two worlds", Regulation & Governance, 6(1), 83-100.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & F. Elias, 2012. ''Institutional Determinants of military spending'', Journal of Comparative Economics, 40(2), 279-290.

Albalate, D., G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2012. "Beyond the efficiency-equity dilemma: Centralization as a determinant of government investment in infrastructure", Papers in Regional Science, 91(3), 599-615.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2011, “Cuando la economía no importa: Auge y esplendor de la Alta Velocidad en España”, Revista de Economía Aplicada, 19 (55), 171-190.

Bel, G., 2011, “The first privatization policy in Latin America: Selling state-owned enterprises in 1948- 1950 Puerto Rico”, Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 29(2),157-182.

Bel, G., 2011, “The first privatization: Selling SOEs and privatizing public monopolies in fascist Italy (1922-1925)", Cambridge Journal of Economics, 35(3), 937-956.

Bel, G., 2011, “Infrastructure and nation building: The regulation and financing of network transportation infrastructures in Spain (1720-2010)”, Business History, 53(5), 688-705.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2011, “Big Guys Eat Big Cakes: Firm Size and Contracting In Urban and Rural Areas”, International Public Management Journal, 14 (1), 4-26.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2011, “La reforma del modelo de gestión de aeropuertos en España: ¿Gestión conjunta o individual?”, Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública, 196 (1/2011)., 109- 130.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2010. “What Shapes Local Public Transportation in Europe? Economics, Mobility, Institutions and Geography”, Transportation Research-E, 46(5), 775-790.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2010. “Tourism and urban public transport: Holding demand pressure under supply constraints”, Tourism Management, 31 (3), 425-433.

Bel, G., 2010. “Against the mainstream: Nazi privatization in 1930’s Germany”, Economic History Review, 63(1), 34-55

Bel, G., E. Dijkgraaf, X. Fageda, & R. Gradus, 2010. “Similar problems, different solutions: Comparing refuse collection in the Netherlands and Spain”, Public Administration, 88(2), 479-495.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2010. “Privatization, regulation and airport pricing: An empirical analysis for Europe”, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 37 (2), 142-161.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2010. ”Intercontinental flights from European airports: Towards hub concentration or not?”, International Journal of Transport Economics, 37(2), 133-153.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2010. “Partial privatization in local services delivery: An empirical analysis on the choice of mixed firms”, Local Government Studies, 36(1),129-149.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2010. "Empirical analysis of solid management waste costs: Some evidence from Galicia, Spain", Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 54 (3),187-193.

Bel, G., X. Fageda & M. Mur, 2010. “¿Por qué se privatizan servicios en los municipios (pequeños)? Evidencia empírica sobre residuos sólidos y agua”, Hacienda Pública Española/Revista de Economía Pública, 192, 33-58.

Bel, G., X. Fageda & M. Warner, 2010. “Is Private Production of Public Services Cheaper than Public Production? A meta-regression analysis of solid waste and water services”, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 29 (3), 553-577.

Bel, G. & A. Miralles, 2010. “Choosing between service fees and budget funding to pay for local services: Empirical evidence from Spain” Government and Policy; 28 (1), 54-71.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2009. “Regulating Concessions of Toll Motorways: An Empirical Study on Fixed vs. Variable Term Contracts”, Transportation Research-A, 43(2), 219 -229.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2009. “What Local Policy Makers Should Know About Urban Road Charging: Lessons From Worldwide Experiences”, Public Administration Review, 69(5), 962-974

Albalate, D, G. Bel & X. Fageda, 2009. "Privatization and Regulatory Reform of Toll Motorways in Europe", Governance, 22(2), 295-318.

Bel, G., 2009. “How to compete for a place in the World with a hand tied behind your back: The case of air transport services in Girona”, Tourism Management, 30 (4): 522-529.

Bel, G. & J. Calzada, 2009, “Privatization and Universal Service Obligations”, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 165(4), 650-669.

Bel, G. & L. Domènech, 2009. “What influences advertising price in television channels? An empirical analysis on the Spanish market”, Journal of Media Economics, 22(3); 164-183.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2009. “Factors explaining local privatization: a meta-regression analysis”, Public Choice, 139 (1/2), 105-119.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2009. “Preventing competition because of “solidarity”: Rhetoric and reality of airport investments in Spain”, Applied Economics, 41(22), 2853-2865.

Bel, G. & J. Foote, 2009. "Tolls, terms, and public interest in road concessions privatization: A comparative analysis of recent transactions in the US and France", Transport Reviews, 29 (3), 397- 413.

Bel, G. & M. Mur, 2009. “Intermunicipal cooperation, privatization and waste management costs: Evidence from rural municipalities”, Waste Management, 29(10), 2772-2778.

Bel, G. & M. Warner, 2009. “Managing Competition in City Services: The Case of Barcelona, Journal of Urban Affairs, 31(5), 521-535.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2008, “Getting there fast: Globalization, intercontinental flights and location of headquarters”, Journal of Economic Geography, 8(4), 471-495.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2008, “Reforming the local public sector: Economics and politics in privatization of water and solid waste”, Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 11(1), 45-65.

Bel, G. & M. Warner, 2008, “Challenging issues in local privatization”, Environment and Planning C: Government & Policy, 26 (1), 104-109.

Bel, G. & M. Warner, 2008, "Does privatization of solid waste and water services reduce costs? A review of empirical studies", Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 52(12), 1337-1348.

Warner, M., & G. Bel, 2008, “Competition or Monopoly? Comparing Privatization of Local Public Services in the U.S. and Spain”, Public Administration, 86(3), 723-735.

Bel, G., J. Calzada & R. Insa, 2007, “Access pricing to a digital broadcasting platform”, Journal of Media Economics, 20 (1), 29-53.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2007, “Why do local governments privatize public services? A survey of empirical studies”, Local Government Studies, 33(4), 517-534.

Bel, G. R. Hebdon, & M. Warner, 2007, “Local Government Reform: Privatization and Its Alternatives,Local Government Studies, 33(4), 507-515.

Bel, G., 2006, “The coining of ‘privatization’ and Germany’s National Socialist Party”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (3), 187-194.

Bel, G., 2006. “Gasto municipal por el servicio de residuos sólidos urbanos” (“Municipal cost of solid waste collection”), Revista de Economía Aplicada,14 (41), 5-32.

Bel, G. & A. Costas, 2006. “Do public sector reforms get rusty? Local privatization in Spain”, Journal of Policy Reform, 9(1), 1-24.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2005. “Is a mixed funding model for the highway network sustainable over time? The Spanish case”, Research in Transportation Economics, 15, 187-203.

Bel, G. & F. Trillas, 2005. “Privatization, Corporate Control and Regulatory Reform: The case of Telefonica”, Telecommunications Policy, 29(1), 25-51.

Bel, G., 2003. “Confidence building and politics in privatization: Some evidence from Spain”, Economics Letters, 78(1), 9-16.

Bel, G. & A. Miralles, 2003. “Factors influencing the privatisation of urban solid waste collection in Spain”, Urban Studies, 40(7), 1323-1334

Bel, G., 2002., “Privatization: Public Offerings and Political Objectives”, Applied Economics, 34(11), 1421-1432

Bel, G. and A. Costas, 2001. “La privatización y sus motivaciones en España: de instrumento a política” (“Privatization and its objectives in Spain: from instrument to policy”), Revista de Historia Industrial, 19/20, 105-132.

Bel, G., 1998. "Privatization on the Stock Market: Sale at One Go or Sale in Tranches?”, Economics Letters, 58(1), 113-117.

Bel, G., 1998. "Privatización en España, OPVs y premio bursátil: ¿Aprendimos algo de la experiencia británica?" (Privatization in Spain, POs and underpricing: Did we learn anything from the British experience?), Hacienda Pública Española, 44, 3-15

Bel, G., 1997. "Changes in travel time across modes and its impact on the demand for inter-urban rail travel", Transportation Research-E, 33(1), 43-52.

Bel, G., 1996. "On the theoretical and empirical microfoundations of intermodal competition on inter- urban rail", International Journal of Transport Economics, 23(3), 383-391.

Bel, G., 1995. "Intermodal competition on inter-urban rail", International Journal of Transport Economics, 22(2), 181-198.

Bel, G., 1994. "Efectos imprevistos de la política de transporte" (Some unexpected effects of transport policy), Revista de Economía Aplicada, 2(6), 105-127.

Books (author; editor; chapters)

 

Books (author):

Bel, G. 2017. Cabòries des d’una galàxia ben llunyana. Barcelona: Grup 62

Bel, G. 2015. Disdain, Distrust and Dissolution. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press. Bel, G. 2013. Anatomía de un Desencuentro. Barcelona: Destino

Bel, G., 2012. Infrastructure and the Political Economy of Nation Building in Spain, 1720–2010. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, 2012. The Economics and Politics of High-Speed Rail: Lessons from Experiences Abroad. Lanham (MD): Lexington Books.

Bel, G., 2011. Espanya, capital París. Tots els camins porten a Madrid. Barcelona: La Campana. Bel, G., 2010. España, capital París. Origen y apoteosis del Estado radial. Barcelona: Destino.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2007, Aeroports i Poder. Barcelona: Edicions 62

Bel, G., 2006, Economía y política de la privatización local. Madrid: Marcial Pons.

Callejón, M. (coord.), G. Bel, M. T. Costa, A. Segarra, 2001. Economía industrial. Madrid: Civitas.

Bel, G., 1994. La demanda de transporte en España: Competencia intermodal sobre el ferrocarril interurbano. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios del Transporte y las Comunicaciones (IETC).

Bel, G., 1991. La financiación de las Comunidades Autónomas. Madrid: FEDEA.

Books (editor):

Albalate, D. & G. Bel, eds. 2017. Evaluating High-Speed Rail: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Milton Park: Routledge

Bel, G., T. Brown, & R.C. Marques, eds. 2014. Public-Private Partnerships: Infrastructure, Transportation and Local Services. Milton Park: Routledge [Conversion of 2013 edited symposium in Local Government Studies].

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, dirs. 2009, Good practices on airports management in Europe. Barcelona: RBA.

Bel, G. & M. Nadal, dirs., 2009, Anuario RACC de la Movilidad 2008. Barcelona: Fundación RACC.

Bel, G. & M. Nadal, dirs., 2008, Anuario RACC de la Movilidad 2007. Barcelona: Fundación RACC.

Bel, G. & A. Estruch, eds 1997, Industrialización en España: Entusiasmos, desencantos y rechazos. Madrid: Civitas

Costas, A. & G. Bel, eds., 1997, Los beneficios de la liberalización de los mercados de productos, Barcelona: La Caixa.

Bel, G., ed., 1996. Privatización, Desregulación y ¿Competencia? Madrid: Editorial Civitas.

Selected chapters of books

Bel, G. forthcoming. Trends and comparisons of outcomes between public and privately owned utilities. In T. Bolognesi, F. Pinto & M. Farrely, eds. Routledge Handbook on Urban Water Governance. Routledge.

Albalate, D. G. Bel and P. Bel-Piñana. Forthcoming. Evaluation of the safety performance of PPPs versus publicly funded and managed motorways in Spain. In S. Verweij, I. Van Meerkerk & C. Casady, eds. Performance advantage of Public-Private Partnerships. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd

Bel, G. & M. Sebő. Forthcoming. Inter-municipal cooperation: an assessment of drivers and effects? In F. Teles, ed. Handbook on Local and Regional Governance. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd

Bel, G., M. Esteve, J.C Garrido, J.L Zafra-Gómez. Forthcoming. Corporatization in Spanish Local Government: Governing the Diversity. In R. Andrews, M. van Genugten, U. Papenfuβ, H. Torsteinsen & B. Voorn, eds. Corporatization in local government: Differences and shared experiences. Palgrave Macmillan

Albalate, D., G. Bel & E. Reeves (2020). “(Re)municipalisation: A new era for ownership and control of local public service delivery? In L. Bernier, M. Florio & P. Bance, (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of State-Owned Enterprises. Routledge, 568-584.

Bel, G. (2018) “Less Plato and more Aristotle: Empirical evaluation of public policies in local services”, in I. Kopric et al. eds, Evaluating reforms of local public and social services in Europe. Palgrave, 35-48

Albalate, D.; G. Bel; A. Gragera; X. Fageda (2018). “La millora institucional en el procès de selecció i avaluació de projectes d'infraestructures a Catalunya”, in VV.AA: Infraestructures: Nivell de dotació, reptes i oportunitats. Barcelona: Col·legi d’Economistes de Catalunya, 71-107

Albalate, D.; Bel, G. (2017). “An evidence-based review of key issues in high-speed rail”, in D. Albalate & G. Bel, eds., Evaluating High-Speed Rail. Interdisciplinary perspectives. Milton Park; Routledge, 1-6.

Bel, G. (2016). “Les relacions amb Espanya”, a S. Giner i O. Homs, dir., Raó de Catalunya. La societat catalana al segle XXI. Barcelona: Enciclopèdia Catalana, 65-79.

Bel, G., A. Estache & R. Forcaud, 2014. “Transport infrastructure failures in Spain: mismanagement and incompetence, or political capture?”, in T. Søreide & A. Williams, eds. Corruption, grabbing and development. Real World Challenges. Edward Elgar, 129-139.

Bel, G.; González-Gómez, F.; Picazo-Tadeo, A.J., 2014. “The dynamics of privatization and regulation of water services: A comparative study of two Spanish regions”, C. Tortajada, F. González- Gómez, A.K. Biswas & M.A. García-Rubio, eds. Private Sector and Water Pricing in Efficient Urban Water Management. Milton Park: Routledge, 88-99.

Bel, G. 2013. “Local government size and efficiency in capital intensive services: What evidence is there on economies of scale, density and scope?”, in S. Lago-Peña & J. Martínez-Vázquez, eds., The challenge of local size. Cheltelham: Edward Elgar, 148-170

Bel, G. & D. Albalate, 2013. “Tourism and Urban Public Transport: Holding Demand Pressure Under Supply Constraints”, in Dwyer L.; Seetaram, N., eds., Recent Developments in the Economics of Tourism. Cheltelham: Edward Elgar, vol I..

Bel, G. & A. Estruch, 2013. “Liberalización, privatización y regulación”, in Ruiz Ojeda, A., dir., Fundamentos de Regulación y Competencia. (El diálogo entre Derecho y Economía para el análisis de las políticas públicas). Madrid: Thomson-Civitas-CNC, 163-210.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2013. “Getting there fast: Globalization, intercontinental flights and location of headquarters”, in P. McCann,. ed, New Developments in Spatial Economics and Economic Geography. Cheltelham: Edward Elgar, 395-419.

Bel, G. 2012. “Infrastructure and nation building: The regulation and financing of network transportation infrastructures in Spain”.in J. Clifton, P. Lanthier & H. Schroter, eds. The Economic and Social Regulation of Public Utilities. An International History, Oxford: Routledge, 30-47, 2012

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2012. Getting There Fast: Globalization, Intercontinental Flights and Location of Headquarters”. In K. Button & H. Vega, H. eds. Globalization and transport. Cheltelham: Edward Elgar, 507-531

Bel, G. 2012. “Infraestructuras, productividad y actividad económica”, in Farré Perdiguer, M. & Torres Solé, T., coord. España en la Unión Europea 25 años después. València: Tirant lo Blanch, 85-99.

Bel, G., 2012, “Local services: Size, scale and governance”, en N. Bosch & A. Solé-Ollé, IEB’s Report on Fiscal Federalism ’11, Barcelona: IEB, 12-19.

Bel, G., 2010, “Las infraestructuras y los servicios de transporte”, in M. Bagués, J. Fernández-Villaverde & L. Garicano, eds., La Ley de Economía Sostenible y las reformas estructurales. 25 propuestas. Madrid: FEDEA, 102-107.

Bel, G., 2010, “Comment VIII”, in N. Bosch, M. Espasa & A. Sol-Ollé, eds., The political economy of inter- regional fiscal flows. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 320-325.

Bel, G., 2010, “The ‘universal’ connection of the Barcelona area and the world”, in J. Fuster, ed., The Cerdà Agenda. Constructing metropolitan Barcelona. Barcelona: Lunwerg editores, 231-256.

Bel, G. 2009. “Oscilación entre soluciones públicas y soluciones privadas para la producción de servicios públicos”, en J. Calzada, A. Costas y J. Jordana, eds., Más allá del Mercado. La política de servicio universal en América Latina. Barcelona: Fundació CIDOB, 41-64.

Bel, G. 2009. “El dilema entre público y privado en la gestión de los servicios públicos”, en C. Ramió, coord., La colaboración público-privada y la creación de valor público. Barcelona: Diputació de Barcelona, Serie Gobierno Local, 39-56.

Bel, G., & John Foote, 2009, "Highway privatization in the United States and France”, in JEHDRA, ed., Current trends of public-private partnership of Highways in the United States. Tokio: Japan Expressway Holding and Debt Repayment Agency (in Japanese).

Bel, G., J. Calzada, & A. Estruch, 2009, “Economía y regulación de los servicios de red”, in S. Muñoz Machado & J. Esteve Pardo, eds., Derecho de la Regulación Económica, Madrid: IUSTEL, 1, 707-757.

Bel, G., 2008, "Refuse Collection in Spain: Privatization, Intermunicipal Cooperation, and Concentration", in E. Dijkgraaf i R. H. J. M. Gradus, eds., The Waste Market. Institutional Developments in Europe. Springer, 83-100.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2008. “Análise dos custos do servizo de recollida de residuos sólidos en Galicia“, in J.M. Mella Marquez, dir., Estudo económico sobre a optimización da prestación dos servizos públicos locais en Galicia. Xunta de Galicia: Santiago de Compostela, 57-90.

Bel, G., 2007. “Perspectivas de la concentración empresarial en el sector energético”, en J. L. García-Delgado & J.C. Jiménez (eds.), Energía y Regulación. Madrid: Thomson-Civitas, 17-31.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2007. “Airport management and competition in OECD markets”, en Coto-Millán, P. & V. Inglada, eds., Essays in Transport Economics. Physica Verlag-HD, 159-181

Bel, G. & T. Garcia-Milà, 2007. “Dotació i gestió d’infraestructures de transport”, en VV.AA., Economia catalana: Reptes i oportunitats. Barcelona: BBVA & Departament d’Economia i Finances de la Generalitat de Catalunya, 293-299 & 306-319.

Bel, G. & A. Costas, 2006. “Liberalización de los mercados y concentración empresarial”, en J. L. García-Delgado & J. C. Jiménez (eds.), Energía: Del monopolio al mercado. Madrid: Thomson-Civitas, 483-505.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2006. “Airport management and airline competition in OECD countries”, en Fichert, F. J. Haucap & K. Rommel, eds., Competition Policy in Network Industry. LIT-Verlag, 81-98.

Bel, G. & J. Calzada & X. Fageda, 2006. “Liberalización en los servicios públicos de red”, en Ll. Cases, dir., Anuario de la Competencia 2005. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 177-208.

Bel, G. & X. Fageda, 2005. “Is a mixed funding model for the highway network sustainable over time? The Spanish case”, Ragazzi, G. and W. Rothengatter, eds., Procurement and Financing of Motorways in Europe. Elsevier, 195-211.

Bel, G. & A. Miralles, 2004. “La competencia en el sector de los servicios públicos locales en España”, Ll. Cases, dir., Anuario de la Competencia 2003. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 207-222.

Bel, G., 2002. “La liberalización en España en perspectiva comparada”, Ll. Cases, dir., Anuario de la Competencia 2001. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 169-187.

Bel, G., 2000. “L’economia política dels peatges: Per què són on són, i quin sentit tenen ara?”, VV.AA., Les autopistes de peatge a Catalunya. Barcelona: Columna, 95-140.

Bel, G. & A. Segarra 2000. “Terres de l'Ebre: Una perspectiva de conjunt”, VV.AA., Anuari Econòmic Comarcal 2000. Barcelona: Caixa Catalunya, 163-185.

Costas, A. & G. Bel, 1997. “Los beneficios de la liberalización para España: Lecciones para España”, in A. Costas & G. Bel, eds., 1997, 9-31.

Bel, G., 1996. "Privatización y desregulación: Cuando la liberalización no basta para aumentar la competencia", Bel, G., ed., 1996, 17-32.

Costas, A. & G. Bel, 1995. "Regulación y desregulación en la economía europea actual", Velarde, J., Garcia-Delgado, J.L. and A. Pedreño (eds.) Regulación y competencia en la economía española. Madrid: Editorial Civitas, 33-63.

Teaching at UB

Economic Policy of Spain and the European Union. BA in Economics

Government and Markets. Master of Research in Economics

Privatization, Contracting Out & Public-Private Partnerships. Master of Regulation of Public Services

Contact

 

Email: gbel@ub.edu

Telf. 934029146

Work address: Universitat de Barcelona. Facultat d'Economia i Empresa. Departament d'Econometria, Estadística i Economia Aplicada (Secció Polítiques Públiques). Torre 6, Planta 3, Despatx 6304.