After a colon 

After a colon it is standard practice not to capitalise the first letter of the following text.

Exemple correcte The academic year is divided into two quite distinct periods: the first and the second semesters.


If the statement introducing a vertical list is a complete sentence, close it with a colon. Then capitalise the first letter of each item of the list. Only close each item with a full stop if it is a complete sentence.

Exemple correcte Students can pass the course only in the following circumstances:
a) They attend 80% of all the classes.
b) They hand in all the course work on time.
c) They get at least 50% in the final exam in June.

Exemple correcte Students must present the following documents:
a) The official application form
b) A motivation letter
c) A photocopy of their passport


However, if the statement introducing a vertical list is a sentence fragment, not a complete sentence, do not close it with a colon and lowercase the first letter of each item. Finish each item with a comma or a semicolon, except the last one, which should finish with a full stop.

Exemple correcte Students will have more chance of successfully completing the course if
a) they are given clear instructions,
b) they are regularly reminded of their obligations, and
c) they are closely supervised.


For the use of a capital letter after a colon in some administrative documents, see the information in Application in the section on model documents.
Darrera actualització: 14-11-2017
Impressió del capítol | Impressió de la pàgina
Recommended citation:
«After a colon» [en línia]. A: Criteris de la Universitat de Barcelona (CUB). Style Guide. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona. Serveis Lingüístics. <https://www.ub.edu/cub/criteri.php?id=2339> [consulta: 18 maig 2021].