Aniline-based inhibitors of influenza H1N1 virus acting on hemagglutinin-mediated fusion

J. Med. Chem. 61:98-118, 2018.


Two series of easily accessible anilines were identified as inhibitors of influenza A virus subtype H1N1, and extensive chemical synthesis and analysis of the structure-activity relationship were performed. The compounds were shown to interfere with low pH-induced membrane fusion mediated by the H1 and H5 (group 1) hemagglutinin (HA) subtypes. A combination of virus resistance, HA interaction, and molecular dynamics simulation studies elucidated the binding site of these aniline-based influenza fusion inhibitors, which significantly overlaps with the pocket occupied by some H3 HA-specific inhibitors, indicating the high relevance of this cavity for drug design.